Comments Off on A Comparative Analysis of Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives and Their Effects on Employee Performance and Organizational Growth

A Comparative Analysis of Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives and Their Effects on Employee Performance and Organizational Growth

Posted by | July 31, 2023 | Career Tips / Blog

Diversity and inclusion (D&I) initiatives have become critical factors in shaping the success and competitiveness of modern organizations. As businesses are increasingly becoming more global and interconnected, recognizing and harnessing the power of diverse perspectives and talents has become a strategic imperative. Consequently, many organizations are embracing diversity and inclusion initiatives to create an all-inclusive work environment that fosters employee growth and enhances organizational growth. Embracing diversity and inclusion has not just become a social responsibility but a strategic imperative for businesses looking to thrive in today’s ever-changing, dynamic, and globalized business landscape.
This article examines the comparative analysis of various diversity and inclusion initiatives and how they impact employee performance and overall organizational growth.

What is Diversity and Inclusion Initiative?
Diversity and inclusion (D&I) initiatives are a range of strategies geared toward promoting diversity within the workforce and creating an inclusive culture that respects and values differences among employees. These initiatives may include recruitment and hiring practices that prioritize diversity, provides diversity training to employees and managers, implements affinity groups and employee resource networks, promotes work-life balance, and establishes mentorship and sponsorship programs.

Employee Performance and Diversity Initiatives:
Studies have continued to show that diversity and inclusion initiatives positively affect employee performance. When employees feel that they are included and appreciated for their unique perspectives, they are most likely engaged and motivated to contribute their best to achieve organizational goals. More also, diverse teams most times bring a broader range of experiences, skills, and ideas, thus leading to more innovative problem-solving and decision-making processes.

Organizational Growth and Diversity Initiatives:

The impact of diversity and inclusion initiatives is beyond individual employee performance; they also play key roles in shaping overall organizational outcomes. A diverse workforce adapts more easily to changing market dynamics and customer needs. Organizations that prioritize diversity are more likely to attract top talents from different backgrounds, which could lead to improved creativity and better customer understanding, which would translate to increased customer satisfaction and loyalty.

A Comparative Analysis of Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives:

  • Recruitment and Hiring Practices:
    Organizations that adopt diversity-focused recruitment and hiring practices tend to have a more diverse workforce. By actively seeking and hiring candidates from various backgrounds, industries, and experiences, these organizations build teams that bring different approaches and skills, leading to enhanced problem-solving abilities and creativity.
  • Diversity Training and Education
    Providing diversity training and education programs to employees can help raise awareness of unconscious biases, promote cultural sensitivity, and create a more inclusive work environment. Organizations that invest in such training often experience reduced workplace conflicts, labour turnover, and improved collaboration among employees.
  • Employee Resource Networks and Affinity Groups
    Employee resource networks and affinity groups offer employees a sense of inclusiveness and support within the organization. These groups can be based on race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or other shared characteristics. Employees who participate in these networks often have higher job satisfaction, morale, and a stronger commitment to the organization.
  • Mentorship and Sponsorship Programs
    Mentorship and sponsorship programs ensure career development and advancement opportunities for under-represented groups. By offering guidance and advocacy, these initiatives contribute to a more equitable distribution of opportunities within the organization.

Challenges and Limitations
Despite the numerous benefits accruable, diversity and inclusion initiatives may be faced with challenges. Resistance from some employees, lack of commitment from leadership, and difficulty in measuring its impacts can hinder its progress. Moreover, simply having diverse representation in the workforce does not guarantee inclusion and belongingness; it requires a sustained effort to create an inclusive culture where diverse perspectives are genuinely valued and integrated.

To overcome these challenges, organizations must:

Promote diversity and inclusion from the top-down: Leadership buy-in and commitment are crucial to creating a culture of diversity and inclusion.
Invest in diversity training: Provide training, seminars and workshops that address unconscious bias and foster inclusive behaviors to help create a more inclusive work environment;
Measure and track progress: Organizations should establish relevant metrics and track the impact of diversity and inclusion initiatives on employee performance, satisfaction, and organizational outcomes.
In conclusion, diversity and inclusion (D&I) initiatives have profound impacts on employee performance and organizational growth. Organizations that prioritize diversity in their workforce and create inclusive environments are better positioned to adapt to the ever-changing market conditions, attract and retain top talents, and foster a culture of innovation. By comparing and understanding the various diversity and inclusion initiatives, organizations can tailor their approaches to maximize their benefits and drive sustainable growth in today’s dynamic business landscape.

Agolo Uzorka

Written by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited

Comments Off on Talent Management: An Important Factor in HR Management

Talent Management: An Important Factor in HR Management

Posted by | February 10, 2023 | blog

Talent Management: A Critical Factor
Talent Management: A Critical Factor

HR professionals play immeasurable roles and they are important in organisations. Commonize them at your own risk. They do not just confront challenges and solve problems of today in the workplace, they participate in strategic plans of the organisation, and talent management is one of such important roles. HR is responsible for the formulation of Talent Management strategies in consultation with other business functions – from talent mapping and planning to talent acquisition (recruitment and selection) and onboarding, performance management to employee relations, payroll administration, grievance handling to outplacement etc. HR aligns and integrates business strategies with HR Strategies to ensure that the organisation achieves its set goals and objectives.

Talent Management occupies a prime position and it is an important factor in HR Management of an organisation as the quality of an organisation is determined by the quality of the workforce it possesses.

Talent Management also referred to as Human Capital Management can be defined as the use of an integrated set of activities to ensure that the organisation attracts, motivates, develops, and retains the talented workforce that it requires now and in the future, This is primarily aimed at securing the flow of talents, bearing in mind that talent is a major corporate resource.

In other words, Talent Management is a key activity undertaken to ensure that the organistion moves towards achieving its set goals and objectives; it is a constant process of attracting and retaining high-quality employees, developing their skills, and continually motivating them to improve their performances. Achieving the objectives will vary from one organisation to the other.

“The process thus involves identifying talent gaps and vacant positions, sourcing for and onboarding the suitable candidates, growing them within the system and developing needed skills, training for expertise with a future focus and effectively engaging, retaining and motivating them to achieve long-term business goals”

Prarthana Ghosh Copy Editor, Spiceworks

Put succinctly, Talent Management encompasses the acquisition or hiring of people (recruitment & selection), learning, training and development, maintenance & motivation, succession planning etc.

Talent Management has continued to evolve as a discipline and it is being given the attention that it deserves. It is not enough to think that you have an HR department and that means you are managing talents. No, a Talent Management strategy MUST be put in place to enable the Company to obtain maximum results.

Talent Management begins with the business strategy and what it signifies in terms of the talented people required by the organisation. Invariably, it aims to develop and maintain a talent pool consisting of skilled, engaged and committed workforce.

Why Talent Management?

The workforce in any organisation is unarguably the most important asset of the Company and Talent Management supports the maximization of their values.

  1. Better Recruiting: Talent Management ensures that the right person for the job is recruited by properly ascertaining the candidate’s skills and strengths;
  2. Assists organisations improve performances: With Talent Management in place in organisations and specialists involved, it improves the performances of the organisation;
  3. Minimises Attrition: Talent Management reduces labour turnover which is very important as it provides clues about weaknesses in the talent management processes. This in turn reduces the incidence and cost of replacing an employee on exit;
  4. Better Employee Experience. These practices work to improve the overall employee experience i.e an employee’s perception of the company which could assist them to determine their relationships with the company in the short or long term. Companies with greater employee experiences attract and retain great employees because their business aims and objectives are known publicly – the benefit and reward system they have in place and offered employees, the way they run their daily operations, the way they recognize milestone achievements and important events;
  5. Retain Top Talents: Enables the Company to retain top talents;
  6. Organsiations Stay Competitive: When the right employees are hired and developed, the Company stay ahead of its competitors and is in better stead to face challenges;
  7. Makes the Company Employer of choice: A company with Talent Management in place, brands itself as an employer of choice and can easily attract candidates for hire.
  8. Encourages Employees to Grow: With inspiring talents in the team, other employees are motivated and helped to grow and this also brews healthy competition;
  9. Better succession planning. Employees of the higher cadre most times have specialised knowledge critical to the bottom line. When this category of staff leaves the services of the Company without transferring this knowledge, it could have adverse effects on the Company’s businesses and so succession planning becomes imperative;
  10. Creates Room for Career Advancement: with Talent Management in place, companies tie their training and development to performance and employees tend to be more involved in their job functions and stay longer in the services of the company because of career advancement opportunities and prospects.
  11. Engenders Drive for Innovation: Talented employees identify ways to harness their capabilities using new tools and technologies to solve problems or invent new approaches.

Elements of Talent Management:

  • Employee Resourcing Strategy (recruitment policy): this assists you to understand the future staffing needs and how to ensure that those needs are met. The employee resourcing strategy should be consistent, and transparent whilst adhering to HR best practices and also align with the Company’s mission and values and comply with Employment Laws
  • Attraction & Retention Strategy Policies and Programmes: Policies and programmes have to be put in place to continuously attract talents to the organisation and retain them;
  • Talent Audit: This is aimed at gaining a good understanding of current employees, their skills-set, and abilities so as to evaluate their capabilities, to know if they have the requirements to drive the business;
  • Career Management: Career Management is a critical factor in talent Management so as to provide opportunities for people to prgress and develop their careers and ensure that the organisation has the required talents it needs at all times;
  • Role Development: Role Development is another important element of talent management which is essentially the part people play in carrying out their work;
  • Total Reward
  • Learning & Development
  • Performanance Management

There is no standardized model for Talent Management. Although, some HR professionals have recommended excellent models that any company can use. The important factor is that whatever model you chose, it should include planning, attracting, maintaining, developing, retaining, and transitioning.

Written by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited

Comments Off on 5 Tips for Mastering the Performance Appraisal Conversation

5 Tips for Mastering the Performance Appraisal Conversation

Posted by | January 10, 2023 | blog

Human Resource Management

Results from a recent survey by XpertHR showed that about 7 in 10 employers prepare their staff for the performance appraisal process. A fair number, but not good enough.

Image viaXpertHR

‍It’s sad that about 30% of employers are not taking any steps to foster an effective performance appraisal conversation. Yet it could lead to a productive discussion on work expectations and goals.

Frequent and effective performance appraisal conversations foster a safe environment where employees are free to express themselves and ask for guidance when stuck.

It leads to a productive workforce.

Let’s look at some simple ways to better your performance appraisal conversations.

How to Carry out an Effective Performance Appraisal Conversation

Here are 5 tips to have an open conversation that’s honest and productive.

1. Consider Team Feedback

Feedback is an important component of any performance appraisal discussion. It helps in breaking bad habits and reinforcing good behavior.

Peer review or team feedback, in particular, is effective.

It gives managers a true picture of an employee’s strengths and weaknesses. When we talk about peer reviews, it’s where colleagues assess the capabilities and performance of their workmates.

In most cases, peer performance evaluations are anonymous, which fosters honesty.

Use team feedback collected employee surveys to get a holistic picture of the employee’s performance and fill any gaps in your assessment. It’ll also help you understand any inconsistencies between the employee’s self-evaluation and your evaluation.

Based on the data collected, discuss with the employee how they contributed to the team’s performance and objectives. Talk about areas they need to improve or change to better the overall team performance.

If you don’t have an effective peer review program in place, set up one. Here are some important tips:

  • Guarantee the reviewers complete anonymity and provide it. It’ll eliminate employees’ fear of retaliation for giving negative feedback
  • Reviewers should have a working knowledge of the job duties of the peer they’re reviewing. For instance, a marketing assistant shouldn’t review an accountant
  • Do not tie peer reviews to rewards like pay raises and promotions. It could encourage biasness

Be sure to communicate the importance of honesty to the reviewers.

2. Make the Conversation Forward-Looking

It’s natural to associate peer reviews with past performance. But focusing on the future makes the performance appraisal conversation more useful.

You and the employee can come up with a common way forward that incorporates the employee’s personal career goals and meets the management’s expectations as well. 

For this reason, the performance appraisal conversation should mainly focus on addressing skills gaps and developing the employee’s competencies.

Here are some future-focused questions you can address in the performance appraisal conversation with an employee:

  • Which skills do they need to learn to provide more value in their role?
  • Are they in the right role based on their career aspirations, skills, and qualifications?
  • How can they optimize their strengths to contribute more to the organization’s goals?
  • What are their career aspirations and do they align with the company’s objectives and purpose? If they don’t align, how can you correct it?
  • What obstacles are standing in the way of good performance? For instance, if they’re in customer service, which challenges of CRM are they experiencing?
  • What kind of networks do they need to develop to perform better in their role and be successful in their career aspirations?
  • Which leaders and peers can coach them and improve their future performance?
  • What training can help them achieve their goals? Studies show 33% of skills needed 3 years ago are no longer relevant

Focusing on their past performance makes the employee feel like they’re on trial. Focusing on future performance sets you up as their coach.

It makes it easier to work together towards achieving their personal goals and the organization’s goals.

3. Use the Right Tone and Language

Use the right tone and language in the performance appraisal conversation. It’ll create a safe environment where the employee can freely express themselves.

Understand that your words can either motivate improvement or lower employee engagement.

But this doesn’t mean you should let performance issues slide by.

Your aim should be to focus on the bad behavior or performance and not the individual. It takes the personal edge out of the conversation and makes it more productive.

Avoid giving general feedback. This includes the positive as well.

Be specific about the kind of behavior you want them to start, stop, or continue. For instance, instead of saying ‘you’re proactive,’ say ‘your initiative to create shoppable videos has led to more sales.”

Here are a few other tips you can apply:

  • Use powerful action words
  • Always be positive
  • Focus on solutions, not problems
  • Focus on the opportunities for improvement and growth

4. Involve the Employee in Creating the Solutions

Research shows employees are 3.8 times more likely to perform higher in work environments where they’re seen as people and not resources.

It’s one of the reasons companies transitioning from traditional HR to people operations are thriving.

You need to give voice to your employees’ ideas and opinions in your performance appraisal conversation. 

Make it collaborative. It should be a two-way conversation where you actually listen to what the employee says and not simply give them talking time.

Enquire what they think they could do better to improve their performance.

Find out what you could do on your part to help them overcome obstacles limiting their performance. For instance, should you invest in more user-friendly e-commerce tools? Are they getting tasks they’re not qualified to handle?

Always repeat back what they’ve said to ensure you’ve grasped it. And ask follow-up questions that help you understand them better and paint a fuller picture of their ideas.

Once the employee feels involved in creating the solutions, they’re likely to be more committed to seeing them through.

At the end of the conversation, check if you’re in mutual agreement regarding the way forward and future expectations.

5. Have More Frequent Performance Appraisal Conversations

The survey by XpertHR also showed that 63% of employers carry out yearly performance appraisals while 18% conduct them twice a year.

A far smaller number, 1%, conduct performance appraisals either once a week or once a month while only 8% conduct them quarterly. 

Contributed by Gaurav Sharma, PeopleHum

Comments Off on How to Use the 5 Languages of Appreciation in the Workplace

How to Use the 5 Languages of Appreciation in the Workplace

Posted by | January 2, 2023 | Career Tips / Blog

Everyone wants to be in a work environment where they feel seen, heard, and appreciated.

There’s plenty of research to back this up:

Positive feedback promotes better performance from new employees by fostering an energetic, information-seeking work culture.[1]

Focusing on strengths rather than weaknesses also increases overall employee engagement.[2]

A graph on how focusing on strengths in the workplace increases employee engagement.

So, it’s official: Showing team members you appreciate them has a direct effect on employee motivation, loyalty, turnover, and performance.

But how do you make employees feel appreciated? How do you ensure you don’t come across as insincere or accidentally do something insensitive?

Using the five languages of appreciation in the workplace can help you figure out how to do this the right way in one-on-one interactions and in your broader company culture.

What are the “languages of appreciation in the workplace?”

The five languages of appreciation in the workplace are distinct categories of gestures you can use to show your coworkers (or anybody else) that you value them in a professional setting.

The theory comes from Gary Chapman and Paul White, who created a workplace-appropriate framework based on Chapman’s New York Times bestseller “The 5 Love Languages: How to Express Heartfelt Commitment to Your Mate.”

We can summarize this theory in three main points:

1. Positive work culture and appreciation go a long wayEmployee appreciation benefits businesses in terms of employees’ job satisfaction, loyalty, productivity, and work performance.
2. People receive and show appreciation in different ways (or languages)What you consider a meaningful gesture might not translate to your employees feeling valued.
3. You can improve your ability to show appreciation by knowing your optionsKnowing how to express the five appreciation languages (both in-office and remotely) and identifying who in your workplace responds well to what can help you tailor your approach and reap the rewards.

The second point is particularly important because your default way of showing appreciation might involve giving frequent and meaningful compliments.

One person could respond well to that and feel valued.

But somebody else could still feel like you don’t care at all because words don’t mean so much to them. They’d rather you show appreciation differently – maybe with a thoughtful gift or by helping them with a difficult task.

It helps to be aware of this possibility and explore all five appreciation languages.

From there, you just need to personalize your gestures, and you’ll likely develop a meaningful connection with all your employees.

So, let’s look at your options.

The 5 Languages of Appreciation in the Workplace

Keep in mind that these are only general suggestions.

Most people will likely have more than just one language of appreciation, so you don’t have to assign them to your employees strictly.

That said, you should always try to personalize your approach and be specific and inclusive to show that you pay attention to what matters to your employees, no matter which language of appreciation you choose.

You don’t want to look like you’re just doing it to tick a box; that could easily backfire and make employees think you’re being insincere or manipulative.

With that in mind, we’ll give you some examples you can adapt to your situation.

1. Words of affirmation

Words of affirmation involve meaningful positive feedback, thoughtful messages, encouragement, or any other kind of verbally expressed affection or appreciation.

In the workplace, that could be:

  • Cheering on and congratulating an employee for a job well done – in person or over a message if they’re working remotely (be mindful about whether you do this in a one-on-one setting or a meeting)
  • Making it a point to give everyone credit for what they did well, even if they still have areas they need work in
  • Telling people you believe in them and bringing up their strong points
  • Remembering to thank individuals for their help or hard work
  • Offering encouragement to employees and coworkers when they’re trying something new or taking on more responsibility
  • Taking a minute to specify exactly what you like about individuals or their work and why it matters
  • Telling coworkers you’re thinking of them and empathizing when they’re going through a hard time

Sometimes, verbally expressing your gratitude or support is all you can do.

Other times, you can offer to talk things through or pair your words of affirmation with other appreciation languages, such as by supporting staff with a difficult task during a particularly hectic week.

2. Quality time

Quality time means intentional time spent together without distractions – when you give your employees undivided attention. This can be:

  • Holding one-on-one meetings or mentoring sessions
  • Conducting team-building activities
  • Taking your team out for dinner
  • Making time to chat (over video if you’re working remotely)

It’s not as easy to express this language for remote employees as in-office, so you may need to make an extra effort to schedule calls and get creative about your time together.

You should also be mindful of how you use your remote employees’ hours. If they’re contractors, specify whether they will be paid for the meeting.

3. Acts of service

Acts of service are essentially ways to help your staff. Some acts of service include:

  • Taking over a task your employees struggle with or don’t like
  • Helping them finish their work
  • Putting in a good word for them or connecting them to somebody who could help them
  • Knocking an item off their to-do list, especially if they’re in a hurry
  • Driving them home if they aren’t feeling well or making a call for them
  • Double-checking if they have everything they need to smash their workload

It’s safe to say that every employee appreciates acts of service, especially if they’re experiencing stress.

Plus, showing them you’re ready to jump in proves that teamwork is important to your organization.

4. Tangible gifts

Gifts need to be meaningful and inclusive and show how well you know your employees and what matters to them. Consider the following examples when choosing a gift:

  • A hobby-related gift, like a foam roller for an employee who hits the gym often or art supplies for a creative coworker
  • An alternative gift for a coworker who doesn’t drink when you’re sending wine to other employees or a plant-based meal option for someone who doesn’t eat meat
  • An occasion-appropriate gift, like chocolates and a card for a coworker who’s having a rough time or something for the baby of an employee going on maternity leave
  • A gift related to an inside joke (as long as it’s workplace-friendly)
  • An “other” field on a survey with limited specified options so that employees can tell you themselves what does and doesn’t work for them

It’s okay if you don’t know the smallest detail about every coworker (surprise lime allergy?). It’s the gesture that counts.

You can still personalize your gift and ensure everyone is comfortable with it, and your employees will appreciate you going the extra mile to show them you care.

5. Appropriate physical touch

Physical touch is the trickiest language of appreciation to show in the workplace and in general because you don’t want to overstep anyone’s boundaries.

It’s crucial to keep it appropriate for the workplace.

Handshakes are the standard, and high fives or a pat on the back are safe options. Otherwise, you’ll have to put more emphasis on the other languages of appreciation, especially if your employees are working remotely.

Touch is impossible in remote scenarios unless you get creative and find a loophole by getting your employees vouchers for a massage in their local parlor.

Now, let’s dive deeper into why you should be thinking hard about how to show employee appreciation in the first place.

The benefits of openly and honestly appreciating your staff

We’ll talk about the benefits of fostering a culture of appreciation in your company’s overall policies and practices rather than solely focusing on the individual relationships between you and your employees.

The benefits of appreciating your staff.

1. Lower voluntary turnover/higher retention

According to a survey by Glassdoor, 53% of employees would stay longer at a business where they feel appreciated.

Appreciation is a cornerstone of your staff’s well-being.

It’s about more than the satisfaction of a surface-level compliment – appreciation makes employees feel like their work is being recognized and that they may be on the right track for a promotion.

So how do you know if your employees feel appreciated?

You don’t have to rely on guesswork. Instead, you should provide ample opportunity for staff to give you feedback on how you could make them feel more appreciated rather than leaving you guessing after they’ve left your company.

2. Higher motivation to excel at work

Studies show that praise raises intrinsic motivation in children when it’s accurate and based on controllable factors like strategy or effort.

Adults aren’t much different.

Praising your employees’ accomplishments will build their confidence and motivate them to do even better.

And praise works even if it’s not related to a huge and obvious milestone.

Noticing the amount of work employees put in, how determined they were to overcome an obstacle, or ways in which they improved in a short period and giving them credit for it goes a long way.

3. Better employee performance

Improved performance is a natural continuation of the previous point.

A well-implemented employee recognition and rewards program can raise average employee performance by 11.1%.

What this means for your organization is that praise doesn’t only impact the coworker you’re praising, particularly when it comes to public praise.

Giving credit to an employee in your group Slack channel or meetings also models outstanding behavior to other employees, creating a domino effect by:

  • Showing the entire team that great work is appreciated, motivating them to work hard and earn that same recognition
  • Giving other employees an example of good practices they can implement and teaching them how to improve their performance

Public appreciation is a win-win for the entire company – as long as you ensure the person receiving it is comfortable with it.

4. Positive workplace culture

Finally, research shows that 82% of people feel happier when they’re recognized at work.

This spills over into every area of their work and even to their coworkers, helping shape a positive and engaged workplace culture in which employees can ask questions, brainstorm ideas, and get work done as a team.

Using languages of appreciation is especially effective when you also remember to appreciate staff publicly – a group chat will do fine if you’re working from home.

Try it: Bring attention to somebody’s great work in a Slack channel (with their consent), and watch how everyone celebrates together.

There’s a direct link between positive workplace culture and staff well-being.

Furthermore, engaged and motivated workers do a better job. In turn, your clients or customers will be happier, too.

Imagine the impact of appreciation at work on an organizational scale.

How to Show Appreciation with the 5-Language Framework

Here are some clear guidelines to follow when incorporating appreciation languages in the workplace:

  • Double-check that the appreciation language is appropriate. Make your employees feel safe and comfortable, especially when it comes to physical touch.
  • Pay attention to individual employees. Tailor your approach to them and the context. For example, a lovely, celebratory gift won’t fit an employee who’s going through a rough patch and needs help managing their workload. Neither will a steak dinner make a vegetarian coworker feel seen.
  • Use appreciation languages regularly, fairly, and evenly. Focusing too much on a handful of employees and neglecting others might look like favoritism, even if they’re objectively high performers. This will ultimately do more harm than good.

Now, let’s learn the steps to showing appreciation to your employees. If you’re short on time, you can read the brief summary below:

5 languages of appreciation at workHow to show appreciation to coworkers
Identify your employees’ languagesSpot employees’ behavior patterns when interacting with other people to note potential appreciation languages; Learn a bit about each employee’s life, hobbies, and interests; Be prepared to offer a plan B in case your plan A falls flat
Appreciate with words of affirmationGive honest and specific feedback; Be timely and match the occasion; Tailor your praise (public vs. private) based on the recipient; Link it back to employee performance reviews
Appreciate with quality timeSet aside time for coaching and one-on-one mentoring; Check in regularly and meaningfully; Help teams (especially remote ones) connect and build relationships via group chats and calls; Work on skill-sharing initiatives; Chat about topics outside of work, too
Appreciate with acts of serviceReward good performance with a choice of future projects; Build a culture of service in which everyone collaborates and shares the workload; Show your team you care with small acts – letting them leave early, offering dinner if they’re staying late, and taking over a task when they’re struggling; Give top employees a chance to develop key skills for their future career
Appreciate with tangible giftsGet personal – use information about the person to blow them away with the perfect gift; Gamify using gifts and rewards; Give flexible, customizable gifts
Appreciate with appropriate physical touchBe sure it’s welcome (ask before touching)Respect boundariesStick to high fives, pats on the back, and fist bumps; Create a goofy personal handshake

We’ll provide more ideas and examples in the longer explanation below.

First, identify your employees’ languages

Pay attention and be sure to weave meaningful questions into your conversations – people generally like being asked about themselves.

Notice how employees behave around other people, and you may see some patterns:

  • Is an employee touched by a coworker staying late to help them finish work?
  • Do they show a lot of enthusiasm about planning a birthday and talking about the perfect gift to buy?
  • Does an employee like taking the time to get to know others and spending some time together?
  • Does a coworker prefer talking in private or in front of others?
  • Is an employee particularly appreciative when receiving gifts?
  • Do you know of any specific preferences staff have, like not eating meat or avoiding loud places?

Take notes, and don’t forget to be attentive to employees’ interests, wishes, and hobbies so that you can personalize your gestures further.

Finally, never assume you know everything about employees and forget to offer a plan B in case your gift doesn’t fit them or your help isn’t wanted.

Once you’ve found the right language matches, you can try the following…

Appreciate with words of affirmation

Be sure to speak directly and clearly to keep your interactions professional and avoid misunderstandings. Once you’re armed with caution, here are some foolproof ideas to try:

  • Give honest and specific feedback after a job well done
  • Be timely and match the occasion
  • Tailor your praise (public vs. private) based on the recipient
  • Link your feedback back to employee performance reviews 

For example, you can send a “hope you feel better soon” message when you learn a coworker is down with the flu, or you can congratulate them on their progress after you show them a report.

But before you say anything, ponder how the recipient might receive your words, and make sure your praise is sincere.

Are you considering saying something nice to make your valid criticism sound less harsh (also known as the “feedback sandwich”)? We recommend shifting your approach to show authentic appreciation.

Radical candor is the honest, constructive, and inclusive alternative your employees will prefer.

Appreciate with quality time

Make quality time a standard part of the company culture, particularly if you work with remote staff who can’t even see their coworkers most of the time:

  • Make time for coaching and one-on-one mentoring
  • Check in regularly…
  • …And meaningfully – how are your employees doing?
  • Help teams (especially remote ones) connect and build relationships via group chats and calls
  • Work on tutoring schemes and skill-sharing initiatives
  • Chat about topics outside of work, too

You could let each of your employees book an hour with you every once in a while and pick what they want to talk about.

Listen to their struggles, support their efforts to develop useful skills, and spend some time just chatting to show them they’re worth your focused attention.

Here’s another idea: For your company’s birthday, you could organize a video group hangout for remote workers and give them some money to spend on food so that you can all eat together.

Note: Don’t forget to specify the purpose of each team meeting – neurodivergent individuals and employees with anxiety might find a lack of information distressing.

Appreciate with acts of service

Again, build this language of appreciation into your culture to encourage coworkers to participate and help each other often:

  • Reward good performance with a choice of future projects
  • Build a team culture in which everyone collaborates and shares the workload (a culture of service)
  • Show your team you care with small acts, like letting them leave early (only for important events), offering dinner if they’re staying late, and helping with a task when they’re struggling
  • Give top employees a chance to develop key skills for their future careers

When you see somebody could use a hand, you could offer to reallocate their task and let them rest.

Or, if you can’t help personally, you could connect an employee with somebody who can provide them with guidance.

Appreciate with tangible gifts

Here are some things to remember about gifts:

  • Get personal: Does the employee paint? Have a parrot? Have a sweet tooth? Use that information to blow them away with the perfect gift.
  • Gamify using gifts and rewards: Tell everyone the rules in advance to motivate them to do a great job and get the rewards.
  • Offer flexible gifts: Gift cards and vouchers enable employees to get what they want.

Make sure all of your employees are getting fair treatment. You don’t want to cause friction by causing employees to feel you favor certain coworkers.

Gifts don’t need to be expensive. But they have to be thoughtful and inclusive to send the right message.

Appreciate with appropriate physical touch

Touch isn’t in the toolbelt for remote worker appreciation at work. But even in the office, it can be tricky, and you must be careful:

  • Be sure touch is welcome (ask beforehand)
  • Respect boundaries
  • Stick to high fives, pats on the back, and fist bumps
  • Create a personal handshake as an inside joke if you’re feeling it

You can express appreciation with a fist bump as a spontaneous celebration or do a long-distance high five like Jim and Pam in The Office.

But always check in with the person to ensure they’re comfortable with it.

Show your appreciation in the right way

Using the appreciation languages at work can help you recognize and motivate your employees.

But do you know how to maximize the results of your efforts?

You can do this by hiring the right people to appreciate: the kind who already have what it takes to be a good team player, excel at their job, and do their part to contribute to a healthy workplace.

So how do you screen candidates to find those with the right set of characteristics?

That’s a topic for another blog post. In the meantime, why not learn about team player qualities to look for when hiring to help you spot “green flags”? You can also find out about how and why to include an Enneagram test in your hiring process so that you understand what makes your candidates tick and what they might need from you.

Or you can simply jump straight to the Enneagram test and try it out for yourself. Get started for free today.

Courtesy: TestGorilla

Comments Off on Cristiano Ronaldo Joins Saudi Arabian side Al Nassr until 2025

Cristiano Ronaldo Joins Saudi Arabian side Al Nassr until 2025

Posted by | December 31, 2022 | Career Tips / Blog

Cristiano Ronaldo has joined Saudi Arabian side Al Nassr on a deal that runs until 2025.

The Portugal captain is a free agent after leaving Manchester United following a controversial interview in which he criticised the club.

Ronaldo will reportedly receive the biggest football salary in history at more than £177m per year.

The 37-year-old says he is “eager to experience a new football league in a different country”.

Ronaldo added: “I am fortunate that I have won everything I set out to win in European football and feel now that this is the right moment to share my experience in Asia.”

Al Nassr – nine-time Saudi Pro League champions – described the signing as “history in the making”.

The club said it would “inspire our league, nation and future generations, boys and girls to be the best version of themselves”.

In the summer, Ronaldo turned down a £305m deal to join another Saudi team – Al Hilal – because he was happy at United.

Earlier in November, the striker spoke out in an interview with Piers Morgan for TalkTV in which he said he felt “betrayed” by United, did not respect manager Erik ten Hag and was being forced out of the club.

Cristiano Ronaldo at Manchester United

Ronaldo, who scored 145 goals in 346 appearances for United, left Juventus to rejoin the Old Trafford club in August 2021 – 11 years after he departed to join Real Madrid.

He had just over seven months remaining on his £500,000-a-week contract with United but his immediate exit was “mutually agreed”.

A day after he left the club, he was banned for two domestic matches for knocking a phone out of an Everton fan’s hand after United’s defeat at Goodison Park in April.

He will serve the ban at domestic level with any new club – in England or abroad – although it does not apply at continental club level, such as the Champions League.

Ronaldo recently returned from playing for Portugal at the World Cup in Qatar, where he made history by becoming the first man to score at five different Fifa World Cups with his strike in his side’s opening win against Ghana.

Courtesy: BBC Sport

Comments Off on 10 Things Every Job Seeker Should Know Before Starting Their Search

10 Things Every Job Seeker Should Know Before Starting Their Search

Posted by | October 10, 2022 | blog


Start your job search off on the right foot. Here’s what you need to know.

Job seeking is never fun, of course, but a well-prepared job seeker is more likely to find the process less stressful. Looking for work is not a science and there are many factors that come into play, but in conducting a job search in today’s current market, there are a number of things that everyone will be happier to know from the outset.

1. Use your network. 

Let’s start with something that may be out of your control. More and more positions are being filled without being advertised. You would have a hard time conducting a job search now without hearing about networking and how important it is, and that’s especially true in the market as it stands. A referral is more likely to get the position, simply because HR staff are busy and why not hire someone who already has an advocate within the company? Since informal hiring is happening on a greater scale, if you’re currently looking for work, remember that you are always looking for work. That 4th of July cookout? Perhaps your volleyball teammate knows of an opening that would fit your skill set. Don’t focus only on the old ways of looking for a job – get out, get to know people, and treat every interaction as a potential opportunity!

2. Clean up your act on social media. 

Companies often Google search a candidate before hiring, and social media can be an immediate red flag. Before starting your job hunt, clean up your Facebook! Many people respond to this advice defensively, feeling that it’s Orwellian to have your actions monitored even on social media, but the truth is, once it’s out there, it’s hard to remove it. Review your privacy settings and if it’s questionable, maybe leave it off the Internet.

3. You are going to need a strong resume.

Standards for resumes change all the time and just because it worked three or ten years ago doesn’t mean your resume will work now. Since a vast majority of positions that do make it out to job boards will be using online applications, the look of your resume matters far less than the content. It certainly should still be attractive and easy to read, but color and artistic flair are just going to confuse the computer screens. In fact, some of the ATS software doesn’t read serif fonts at all, so your amazing career background is not even reaching a person just because your font isn’t one the computer recognizes. Keep your resume simple! Content is key in the digital age, not the visual bells and whistles.

4. Be mindful of the ATS.

Another element that will impact how likely your resume is to get past the applicant tracking software is your use of keywords. When advice columns tell you to utilize keywords or to read the posting, they mean it! If the ad states you need experience with x, y, and z, then be sure X, Y, and Z are on your resume if you have that experience! It may be more work, yes, but sending out a resume to be rejected by a robot isn’t an effective use of your time, either.

5. Focus on your accomplishments.

Another resume tip: If you are applying for a position as a nurse or as a sales manager, we all have a basic understanding of your job description. Sending in a resume with a generic list of nursing or sales responsibilities isn’t going to make you stand out. Why are you the perfect nurse? What makes you different from the other 200 sales managers applying for the position? The answer is simple: accomplishments. Did you create a new training module for new nurses on HIPAA compliance? Was your sales team the first to tap into that challenging market? These are the key points to focus on in your resume. While the job description details can hit the keywords, they should not be the meat of your resume. What makes John Smith different from Joe Jones? John was the first sales manager in the region to secure a contract with Google. That’s worth noting!

6. Get a feel for the company during the interview.

So you’ve gotten your resume updated and it’s working. You started getting interview calls! The first interview you go on if you’ve been out of the job hunt for a while may feel very different. First of all, you may be expecting to go in and meet with one person, only to be greeted by an entire department. Team interviews are more common because it’s not just about the job. It’s also not about how you do with one person, but how you fit with the team. Work is collaborative, so why would interviews not be? This can take some getting used to, but remember, no matter how badly you want or need this job, if you don’t feel comfortable with the interview team, do you really want to work there long-term?

7. Be patient post-interview.

The interview is done. They’ll call in a week, right? Very likely, they will not. Not only will it take a while to hear back – if you do – but the interview process takes longer than it used to take. If you go into the interview thinking that will be it, you may be surprised when they tell you the next step is another interview – and then there are three or four more steps. In fact, companies are often now having candidates and finalists come in for trial periods. Sometimes it’s an hour and sometimes it’s a full day of shadowing. It may feel time-consuming, but in the end, the goal is that you have found something you will be able to do for a while, and the company has found someone who will want to stick around.

People waiting for a job interview. Focus is on the man with blue clipboard.

8. Keep an open mind.

The hard truth is that this is a terrible job market for job seekers. The salaries are lower in general and more positions are being reduced to freelance or part-time. The work you have always loved may not have the same title and may be shared by a team now. Instead of viewing this as a negative, though, consider the opportunities. Maybe you like sales, but always wanted to do some consulting. With the market as it is, you may be working harder, but you will also be able to open yourself up to new things. And new things bring new skills and connections. The lower salary is an adjustment, but less hours means volunteer work or pursuing that entrepreneurial idea you’ve had. In the end, that may be a blessing.

9. Keep it all in perspective.

Another difficult reality is that this means it’s even more competitive. It’s not unheard of to show up for an interview and realize you’re interviewing with other candidates for the same job. You may think you are one of five who was called for an interview, only to discover they are interviewing 100 people – out of 500 applicants. Keep it all in perspective, but again, chances are if you don’t get the job, another position just opened when the candidate they selected left their position for this one.

10. It’s not personal.

The final thing it’s helpful to know, and probably the most important, is that it’s not personal. It’s very hard not to get discouraged. You may go on hundreds of interviews, send out thousands of resumes, and still be waiting for that call. Friends and family will offer advice and say things like, “The right job will come along,” but it is hard to believe it sometimes. You’re not alone – and the truth is that it only takes one. For every rejection, remember it’s just not the right fit. It’s not you. Someone suggested keeping a tally – every application or every interview that’s a no, mark it down. When you reach 100, start over, but chances are, as much as it may seem endless, it’s unlikely you will reach 100 without an offer. It will feel like it’s inevitable, but the job is out there. Somewhere a hiring manager is looking for someone just like you. Jobs aren’t that different from dating, though, and all those frogs you have to kiss? They’re the interviews that don’t pan out for whatever reason. This is the hardest piece of advice to believe, but it’s imperative because some days, it does seem like there’s no end. If it gets really hopeless, allow yourself a day off from the search to do something that makes you happy. Then dust yourself off and get back out there.

Written/ Contributed by Tara Clark, a writer and former operations associate for Talent, Inc.

Comments Off on 10 Common Job Hunting Mistakes You Need to Avoid

10 Common Job Hunting Mistakes You Need to Avoid

Posted by | October 10, 2022 | blog

In this day and age, there are a lot of people looking for jobs. With universities pumping out hyper-qualified people in all fields, any little advantage you can get in searching for a job can go a long way. Avoid these 10 common job-hunting mistakes to get on the path to success!

1. Lack of Focus

Your resume should clearly tell a hiring manager why you are qualified for the position being offered. You may have been a great fry cook at that fast food chain, but that experience isn’t relevant to a job at a tech desk. Ideally you should have a few versions of your resume that are tailor-made for jobs in different fields.

2. Typos

Proofreading your own writing is incredibly difficult. Your brain knows what you intended to write, so it will often skip over blatant errors that will jump out at anyone reading your resume. Enlist your friends to help you proofread your resume. Read all your emails backwards one word at a time. Doing everything you can to communicate clearly and without mistakes can separate you from the pack.

3. No Online Presence

There was once a time when you didn’t need to use the Internet to find a job, but that time has passed. Hiring managers will Google you, and the only thing worse than finding pictures of you doing a keg stand is finding nothing at all. At the very least, every job seeker should have an up-to-date LinkedIn profile with a few connections and maybe even a few recommendations.

flickr via bpsusf
flickr via bpsusf

4. Not Doing Your Research

When you finally get an interview don’t forget to find out everything you can about the company beforehand. Showing that you have taken an interest in the company and know about their mission and values will help prove that you are taking the opportunity seriously. Most companies have in depth “About Us” pages on their websites which are a great place to start!

5. Only Applying to Job Postings

If you walk through an apple orchard and only collect the fruit that has fallen on the ground, you are going to miss out on a lot of juicy apples still hanging in the trees. Don’t be afraid to be similarly proactive in your job search. Make a list of companies you would like to work for and email their HR people to inquire about current and upcoming jobs. Show them you want to be a part of their long-term vision and aren’t just applying to everything.

6. Not Using Your Network

Part of knowing what companies might be hiring and which companies you actually would want to work for is talking to people with first-hand experience. Talk to friends and family working in similar fields and try to use your connections to get in touch with the right people. If you don’t know anyone working in your field, find some networking events and shake some hands. Who you know goes a long way.

Eugene Kim
flickr via Eugene Kim

7. Bad Attitude

Spending all day writing cover letters and cruising job boards with limited success is enough to frustrate anyone. However, it is important to stay positive. If you have a negative attitude about the entire job-hunting process, that will come through in your writing and in your interviews. Don’t take rejections personally and view each application as a new opportunity.

8. Being a Pest

No one likes to be hounded constantly by an overeager stranger. Don’t spend your valuable time calling the same hiring managers over and over to stay on top of an application. One phone call to follow up is acceptable; anything beyond that gets you too close to the “annoying” pile.

9. Unprofessional Email Address

It may seem obvious, but an often overlooked element of applying to jobs is the email address you use. You may indeed use your email more than any other account, but it is not what your potential employers want to see. If you don’t have a university email to use, make a simple name-based account ( It will make a world of difference.

10. Botching the Cover Letter

One of the easiest places to get lazy is on your cover letter. First of all, you always need one so never send in a bare resume again. Second, pay attention to what you are sending. If you are applying to a large number of jobs, you may use a form cover letter where you replace the company name and job title each time, but make sure you don’t miss an incorrect piece of information. Pay attention and proofread.

Contributed by Steve Kux

Steve Kux
Comments Off on 10 Brilliant Tips for Dealing With A Difficult Boss

10 Brilliant Tips for Dealing With A Difficult Boss

Posted by | October 8, 2022 | Career Tips / Blog

Horrible Boss

In an ideal world, we would all have fantastic managers—bosses who helped us succeed, who made us feel valued, and who were just all-around great people. Unfortunately, that’s not always the case. But, whether the person you work for is a micromanager or just isn’t very competent, you still have to make the best of the situation and get your job done. To help out, we’ve gathered the best advice from around the web for dealing with a difficult manager. Try one or more of these tips to find some common ground with your boss—or at least stay sane until you find a new gig.

Make Sure You’re Dealing With a “Bad Boss”

Before trying to fix your bad boss, make sure you really are dealing with one. Is there a reason for her behavior, or are you being too hard on him or her? Observe your boss for a few days and try to notice how many things she does well versus poorly. When s/he is doing something “bad,” try to imagine the most forgiving reason why it could have occurred. Is it truly his/her fault, or could it be something out of his/her control?

Identify Your Boss’ Motivation

Understanding why your boss does or cares about certain things can give you insight into his or her management style. …if the rules are totally out of control, try to figure out your boss’ motivation. Maybe it’s not that he really cares about how long your lunch break takes; he actually cares about how it looks to other employees and their superiors.

Don’t Let it Affect Your Work

No matter how bad your boss’ behavior, avoid letting it affect your work. You want to stay on good terms with other leaders in the company (and keep your job!). Don’t try to even the score by working slower, or taking excessive “mental health” days or longer lunches. It will only put you further behind in your workload and build a case for your boss to give you the old heave-ho before you’re ready to go.

Stay One Step Ahead

Especially when you’re dealing with a micro-manager, head-off your boss’ requests by anticipating them and getting things done before they come to you. … a great start to halting micro-management in its tracks is to anticipate the tasks that your manager expects and get them done well ahead of time. If you reply, “I actually already left a draft of the schedule on your desk for your review,” enough times, you’ll minimize the need for her reminders. She’ll realize that you have your responsibilities on track—and that she doesn’t need to watch your every move.

Document Everything

Make sure to document interactions with your boss—be it requests or criticisms—so you can refer back to them if she ever contradicts herself. When your boss asks you for something, get it in writing. You need to create a paper trail of all requests as well as everything you produce. If your boss is the type who gives you directions verbally, follow up with an email that outlines the discussion to ensure that you heard everything correctly. Cover yourself at all times and be prepared to pull out your documented proof if your boss questions your outputs.

Wait it Out

Dealing with a conflict? Make sure to give it some time before reacting. Timing is often everything when managing conflict with a boss. Sometimes it makes more sense to wait it out than confront the situation head on. If your boss has a lot on her plate this month, her stress level may be high and she might not take as kindly to your issues.

Act as the Leader

When dealing with an incompetent boss, sometimes it’s best to make some leadership decisions on your own. If you know your area well enough, there is no reason to not go ahead creating and pursuing a direction you know will achieve good results for your company. People who do this are naturally followed by their peers as an informal leader. Management, although maybe not your direct boss, will notice your initiative. Of course, you don’t want to do something that undermines the boss, so keep him or her in the loop.

Identify Triggers

If your boss has anger management problems, identify what triggers her meltdowns and be extra militant about avoiding those. For example, if your editor flips when you misspell a source’s name, be sure to double and triple-check your notes. And if your boss starts foaming at the mouth if you arrive a moment after 8 AM, plan to get there at 7:45—Every Single. Day.

Use Tips from Couples’ Therapy

When dealing with disagreement, pull on some tenants from couple’s therapy to work through the issue. Simply repeat back to him what he said and ask “Is that what you meant?” (a standard trick ripped from couples’ therapy). If he agrees to your recap, ask him to tell you more about it. When you repeat someone’s perspective back to him, you give him a chance to expound and, crucially, to feel heard.

Avoid Future Bad Bosses

Terrified Staff

When interviewing with a new company, do your research ahead of time to make sure you’re not getting into another situation with a less-than-ideal manager. Have coffee or lunch with one or more staffers at the new company. Ostensibly, your purpose is to learn general information about the company and its culture. However, use this opportunity to discover as much about your potential boss as possible, without appearing creepy, of course.

Contributed by Adrian Granzella Larssen

Comments Off on Job Evaluation System: Processes and Procedures

Job Evaluation System: Processes and Procedures

Posted by | September 6, 2022 | blog

Staff Discussing and Analyzing Job Evaluation

Job Evaluation is a systematic method designed by organizations to compare jobs to assess and establish their relative worth.

Job Evaluation is the process of analyzing and assessing the content of jobs in order to place them in an acceptable rank order which can then be used as a basis for a remuneration system” – The British Institute of Management.

Again, job evaluation is a method of comparing jobs (not a method of assessing a single job in isolation) with the motive of assisting organizations in the design of their structures. It aims to arrive at a wage or salary structure that the rate of pay for a job, would be felt or perceived as being fair in comparison with other jobs within the environment and industry.

It entails ranking jobs in their order of importance so as to arrive at each job‘s appropriate worth.

Job Evaluation assesses the relative difficulties or responsibilities of a number of jobs, to put them in ordered ranks on which a pay structure can be based. With this, the company’s pay structure can be reformed or given a new framework.

Job Evaluations set out to produce appropriate and acceptable job rankings that would be used as the basis for rational pay. Resulting of job evaluation, individual contributions in the production processes are evaluated and each compensation is structured to reflect individual contributions to the growth of the organization as it relates to skills, responsibility, length of training, and other factors.

Note that job evaluation is the ranking of the job and not the people or job-holder; it stands to assess the normal performance of the job by a typical worker – it is a means to an end and not an end in itself.

There are important factors that have to be taken from a representative cross-section of all the jobs in a particular job hierarchy and ranked according to their rationale and reason.

Job Evaluation sets out to answer such questions as, is the Human Capital Manager’s job more demanding than the Chief Auditor’s? or should the specialized and in-depth job be placed on the same level as a broader but shallow job?

All job evaluation systems tend to lean heavily on job analysis and job description – job description on its part provides the essential information on which job is rated and evaluated. The resulting measures of value then translate into wage and salary structure.

Job evaluation does not usually price jobs and does not provide a simple answer to the question: What is the monetary (Naira) value of this job? Rather, it takes one step in that direction in a large job structure.

Salient Issues Worthy of Note in Job Evaluation:

These are very salient issues that must be noted about job evaluations:

  • Job evaluation analyses and assesses the content of the jobs, not the individual job-holder i.e. it is not a performance appraisal exercise;
  • Job evaluation is most times conducted by a constituted committee or group (Job Evaluation Committee rather than an individual);
  • Job Evaluation Committees use concepts or principles such as logic, fairness, and consistency in the assessment of the job objectives;
  • Job Evaluation deals with relative positions, not in absolutes;
  • Job Evaluation cannot in totality determine the pay structure or levels but only provides information upon which decisions and policies can be taken.

Job Evaluation, it must be mentioned, is not the only means of determining the pay structure of an organisation but it is one of the means through which decisions on salary scale can be taken. There are other means like collective bargaining between union and its management. This is a very strong determining force in a unionized environment and boils down to the final analysis to favour the side that has the strongest bargaining power at a particular point in time.

Custom and practice is another means of arriving at a pay structure and level. Although this tends to produce an incomplete structure resulting from ad hoc and atimes conflicting pressures resulting from industrial or employees’ pressure groups that are at the lowest ebb of the organization (junior staff).

Some other means through which decisions on salary scale can be taken are equity, negotiated pay scales, market rates, government legislation and policy etc.

Sometimes organization management tries to conduct remuneration survey so as to have an insight into what the “going rate” is in the industry or local market is and atimes, this survey works out reasonably well for the overall level of pay in the organization but it does not seem to settle or manage the issue of pay differentials existing between the categories of employees within a given work organization.

Job Evaluation Systems:

In evaluating jobs in an organization, some very fundamental job factors have to be identified before being considered. In this wise, questions like:

  • What are the contributions or working conditions?
  • What are the available skills within the organization?
  • What are the responsibilities, difficulties, hardship, inconveniences and unpleasantness for which we pay wages and salaries?

When we have a list of such job factors, job evaluation would still elicit more questions like: how much of these factors does each job involve? How does each job compare with all others?

Employees and unions frequently participate in job evaluation programmes. Sometimes, to douse and reduce tension and gossip, employees may be included or drafted into the committee that plans the development and installation of a job evaluation system. They may also be members of a committee that applies comparative rating procedure to individual jobs.

There are about five (5) principal job evaluation systems and are listed in the order of their complexity below:

  1. Job Ranking System;
  2. Job Classification or Grading System;
  3. Point or Manual System; and
  4. Factor Comparison System.
  5. The HAY-MSL

System A and B above are non-analytical while the other two are analytical.

  1. Job Ranking System:

Job Ranking System is commonly thought to be the simplest method. Each job is considered as a whole (rather than in terms of job elements) according to its relevance and contributions to the organization. After listing the jobs in their descending order of importance, they may be divided into groups, with job in each group given the same grade and salary. This system requires composition of an effective committee and not an individual alone. The evaluation committee discusses and agree on a final ranking order and the remaining jobs are slotted into the rank order.

The cost of introduction is low, simple and unscientific and can easily be applied with fairness in a small organization

The job evaluators are expected to have adequate personal knowledge of every job that is to be evaluated and in a large organization it is almost impossible to have. The absence of this knowledge could lead to production of unfair evaluations.

The disadvantage of the job ranking system is that job ranking does not provide analysis of jobs to explain why they have been ranked in a particular order and can only indicate that one job is more difficult than the other and not much more difficult.

The limitation of this method again lies in its unimaginability when there are a large numbers of jobs; a scenario where there are hundreds or thousands of jobs and the difficulty in ranking them!

The subjectivity of the system is another set-back. It can only be effective in a relatively small organization structure as there are no definite or consistent standards to assist one justify the rankings.

  • Job Classification or Grading System:

The job classification or grading system is similar to ranking system, except that instead of ranking jobs in their order of importance and then dividing them into grades, it reverses it – it starts from the opposite end. The classification system starts by first deciding what grades to be used e.g A, B, C, D, E and F with each grade well defined and agreed as to which each individual job should be classified or fitted into – is the job a grade A or a grade E job?

The disadvantage of this system is that it is difficult to apply over a wide range of jobs, or where duties and skills overlap.

       c) Point Assessment System:

The point assessment system is possibly the most popular system of the formal job evaluation. It entails listing a number of factors which are thought relevant to represent the qualities being expected in the job to be evaluated. Always remember that it is the job that is being evaluated and not the job-holder. In most cases 8-12 factors are listed for evaluation but this may vary depending on the organization.

The factors to be evaluated may include:

  • Skill: education, experience, dexterity, qualifications;
  • Initiative;
  • Physical or mental efforts;
  • Dealing with others;
  • Responsibility for subordinates, or the safety and welfare of others;
  • Responsibility of equipment for a process or product, for materials;
  • Job conditions – such as monotony of work, working in isolation, unavoidable work hazards;

Percentage of point is allocated for each factor as its maximum score based on how important the factor is perceived and according to predetermined scales and the total points decide a jobs place in the ranking order and remuneration structuring.

Points system is flexible to administer in that the factors selected are best suited for that particular type of job being evaluated and importance attached to each job is decided by the allocation of points.

Again, it provides a ranking order of jobs according to the number of points without determining the monetary value of the job. This facilitate the pattern of grades and salary grades to be determined at separate operations.

If this method is used properly, it can be more objective than the others.

The disadvantage of this system lies in the selection of factors, the points score method allocated to a job, and the points weighting given to each, remains a subjective judgment.

  • Factor Comparison System:

Factor comparison system is an analytical method of job evaluation and starts with selection of a number of qualitative factors on which each job will be selected and benchmarked in the organization as a matter of standard practice. The selected jobs that are supposed to be known with attached pay rates in the industry and ought to consist of a representative cross-section of all jobs that are to be evaluated – from the lowest to the highest paid job; from the most important job to the least important job and covers the full range of requirements of each factor as agreed upon by a committee that is representing the workers and Management.

Unlike point assessment, factor comparison system uses only a limited number of factors such as skill, responsibility and working conditions.

The system is considered complete when the allocations to the key jobs are explicit and comprehensive and thorough agreement is reached amongst committee members and judgment on how many criteria each job has.

The advantage this system is that it requires a unique set of jobs for each organization and so it is a tailor-made approach i.e. this method is designed to meet the needs of each organization. Invariably, with this method, jobs are compared with other jobs to evaluate their relative worth and since relative job value is what job evaluation is all about, this method is highly appreciated.

The disadvantage with the factor comparison job evaluation system is its complexity as it is difficult to conduct and administer. Again, the use of the factor comparison factor if the same criteria in assessing all the jobs when there are great differences across and within the organization.

More also, the factor comparison job evaluation system depends on key jobs as anchor points to the extent that one or more key jobs change over time either without detection or without correction of the scale. The users of the job comparison scale base their decisions on what might be described figuratively as a badly “warped rule”.


The HAY-MSL System is a point method type of job evaluation as points are allocated to important elements of a job and the importance of individual job relative to others and measured by comparing their total points score.

These are the job elements by which the jobs are compared:

  • Technical know-how: this is the level of skill, knowledge and experience required to perform the job and effectively handle the people;
  • Problem Solving Ability: this is about the level of discretion and judgment the job-holder must exercise, frequency of problems that calls for decision by the job-holder and the extent the job-holder is expected to contribute fresh ideas;
  • Accountability: this is about assessing the job-holder to know if he/ she is responsible and accountable for small or large areas of work and whether his/ her activities affect the organization to a larger or smaller extent in terms of funds (revenue and expenses).

HAY-MSL system lean more to higher level of management than to the lower ranked jobs. A good example is the Accountant, technical skill, ability to solve finance-related challenges and stewardship over the Company’s money place him/ her on high pedestal on the HAY-MSL scheme.

Advantages of Job Evaluation Pay Structure:

The major advantages of job evaluated pay structure are:

  1. It provides a defensible basis for allocating pay differentials between groups;
  2. In a unionized organization where the structure is developed, the job evaluation result assists both management and trade union representatives defend the grades that may be drawn up;
  3. Moreso, when conflict arises relating to compensation and compromise become necessary, job evaluation can provide an objective standard from which modifications can be made;
  4. With the availability of the analysis of the job content and worth, it becomes easier to conduct recruitment, selection, training and other human capital exercises;
  5. In a sense, job evaluation tries to settle the issue of out-right-pay-variations and discrimination between different categories of employers and protects an employer from undue accusations.
  6. Periodic job evaluation ensures that the salary structure reflects current changes in the work content of jobs and not outdated so that pay differentials remain fair;
  7. Job evaluation pay structure ensures that salary structure is well balanced even in an organization that is staffed with wide range of different technical skills;
  8. The job evaluated salary structure most times protects an employer from undue accusations that rates of pay discriminate between different types of workers – men and women who by law should be paid the same amount for like work and work rated as equivalent or work on equal value.
  9. It is based on job content and not the personal merit of the job holder. The job-holder may be paid bonuses in reward for his/ her efforts and when he moves to another job in the organization, his/ her replacement on the job may be paid the same rate for the job, and will not inherit any personal bonuses of his predecessor.

Disadvantages of Job Evaluated Pay Structure:

  1. Job-evaluated salary structure can be outdated. Periodic reviews have to be conducted to ensure relevance to the current situation. In real practice, most organizations fail to review jobs often enough;
  2. In the real sense of it, there is a great degree of subjective judgment involved in awarding points or ratings and the evaluation process may be unfair irrespective of the fact that many job evaluation methods suggest that it is a scientific and accurate technique;
  3. Job evaluation structure pays a fair rate for a job, only in the sense that the differentials are set according to relative worth. It makes no recommendation on what the general pay level should be in monetary terms. In fact, it cannot do so without referring to external factors such as rates fixed by collective bargaining, statutory obligations, or local customs.

The core process of job evaluation lies in the determination of what criteria to use to arrive at the job ranking. It is easier said than done that jobs are valid and ranked according to the relativity of the job’s worth. There is more to it than this as lots of ambiguity and uncertainty beclouds the exercise when an attempt is made to state what makes one job higher than the other in the job hierarchy.

In most cases, job evaluation plans use skill, effort, and working conditions as major criteria. These can be further subdivided and broken down into specifics. “Skills” for instance are sometimes measured by education and experience; mental effort is most times differentiated from physical effort; responsibility of various kinds are delineated. Other criteria can and have been used including difficulty, period of discretion, size of subordinate staff, and level of creativity needed.

One must expect the above-stated criteria to change across jobs and environments. As there are different types of jobs, it is better and normal to separate jobs into common groups. This translates to evaluating separately the jobs of a Clerical Officer, Secretary, Driver, Sales Executive, and Managerial jobs. The evaluation of related groups enables one to obtain valid rankings within groups but leaves the issue of criteria between categories unattended to.

Through proper separation of groups, we are in a better position to say that the position of Electrician in a factory environment is more mental sapping or needs more concentration than that of a Supervisor and hence gets a higher ranking. This method has not been able to resolve the issue of whether greater mental effort is required by an Electrician than that of an Admin. Managers in the evaluation of their duties.

Nevertheless, the challenges posed cannot diminish the important values the job-evaluated salary structure brings.

Contributed by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited
Comments Off on Black Men, Get Your Mind Right

Black Men, Get Your Mind Right

Posted by | August 26, 2022 | blog

bevel mental health lead image 1

Being Black is truly a soulful, eye-opening, and enriching experience. But behind all the #BlackExcellence, #BlackGirlMagic, #BlackBoyJoy tags, TikToks, and beautifully shot images, there are often struggles that most don’t see because they’re blurred by social media filters. 

The last several years have been stressful for all of us. From pandemics to unexpected unemployment to rising tensions to police brutality, and, most recently, rising inflation, nothing has been easy. While this stress impacts us all, regardless of race, gender, or ethnicity, Black Americans are often statistically impacted more than other groups, due to structural inequalities that have persisted over generations. Simply put, being Black in America is stressful. Constantly being perceived as a threat, stereotyped, and oversexualized from an early age can take a toll on the mind, body, and spirit. When they were younger, many Black men were taught to “man up,” learning to never show emotion or talk about their feelings. And with society’s long-held stereotypes about masculinity, the concepts of self-care, mental health and wellness are often viewed as “unmanly” or worse yet, unnecessary. It’s a one-two combination that quietly beats us up from the inside out, issues you can learn more about in Bevel’s “Get Your Mind Right” campaign clip below. 

Thankfully, the stigma surrounding open and honest conversations about mental health have begun to fade in recent years. Tasnim Sulaiman, a licensed psychotherapist and founder and CEO of Black Men Heal, a non-profit organization dedicated to providing men of color with mental health treatment and resources, and Tristan Walker, founder and CEO of Bevel, a head-to-toe grooming brand specifically for Black men, have a shared vision of supporting Black men through  their mental health journeys. Both Sulaiman and Walker are committed to providing Black and Brown men with the tools they need to treat themselves from the inside out.  

Recently, Sulaiman and Walker came together to discuss Black men and the best ways for them to maintain their mental health. Read on below to see their thoughts on why so many men of color avoid talking about their emotional struggles, what we as a community can do to change that for future generations, and why it’s important to create a safe space for men to ask for help.

What Black Men Heal Offers

Tasnim: We’ve tailored our mental health resources across both in-person and virtual [platforms] to help us meet men where they are. We have an Individual Therapy Program, [which includes] eight free therapy sessions. [There], we match men up with clinicians of color that can relate to the unique presenting issues and cultural needs of each individual. Our proprietary matching system ensures each man is matched up with the therapist they are most likely to have a productive relationship with, which, most-often, leads to successful therapeutic outcomes. 

We also offer a free weekly virtual group session for men called Kings Corner. The Kings Corner group provides a safe space for men to fellowship, create, and hold space for one another while developing tangible mental wellness tools. Each virtual session features a different guest host [who covers] a variety of  mental health-related topics. [Lastly], we also do an in-person version of Kings Corner that travels from city-to-city.

What Signs Men Should Be Aware of Regarding Their Mental Health 

Tasnim: There are many signs to keep an eye out for. Some of the common signs are or can be: feeling chronic states of stress, sadness, guilt; helplessness or emptiness; constant worry or overthinking (especially worrying about things you have no control over); fatigue; difficulty sleeping; loss of interest or joy in family/relationships, work, hobbies, etc…; [and] difficulty concentrating or completing tasks. [Other signs are] an increase in agitation or angry outbursts; becoming more controlling or abusive in relationships; and numbing behaviors such as alcohol, drugs, gambling or irresponsible sexual behaviors. 

Men should also pay attention to a “work obsessively” mode. Because working and providing for family and self are such highly defining traits of masculinity, often men can miss that obsessive work with no breaks or time for rest or self care can be avoidance/overcompensating for not wanting to face what comes up if you are still. Black men often carry a lot of intergenerational trauma and can be constantly triggered and retraumatized regularly within their daily existence.

Why It’s Challenging for Some Black Men to Open Up About Mental Health Struggles

Tasnim: Life is hard, and it’s challenging to be vulnerable in the face of uncomfortable things. Everyone is going through something, especially the last few years. Conversations about mental health force people to look in the mirror and really see themselves. Historically, mental health has been synonymous with “weakness.” For a Black man, the world can often not feel like a safe place to be vulnerable. We founded Black Men Heal to create more of those safe spaces for Black men.

Tristan: As a founder and entrepreneur, I’ve spent my adult life becoming very familiar with the idea of “investing” (in other start-ups, brands, etc). For me, mental health is just a personal investment into myself and in support of my family [and] loved ones. My community needs me to show up in the world in a way that is authentic, transparent, and empathetic. I can’t do that if my own mental health is clouded. When I think about mental health as a personal investment into myself, as a form of self-care, all of sudden these conversations aren’t hard or impossible, they’re absolutely vital.

bevel mental health man and woman

Experiences That Can Trigger Mental Health Stressors

Tasnim: Trauma is the key. We are constantly retraumatized and having our deepest wounds triggered by what we experience or see in the media. Other triggers might include developmental stages, rites of passages, or major life transitions. For example, moving [away] from home for the first time; getting married; having a child; a break-up; the death of a loved one; getting sick or having an accident; are all examples of experiences that can trigger mental health stressors. 

Tristan: The last two years have been both traumatic and stressful for everyone. You pair a pandemic with the on-going challenges of being Black in 2022 and that equals a lot of stress on your mental health. Everyone is engaged in some type of shared suffering and it’s important for us to realize we are all in this together.

How Can Black Men Regulate Their Mental Health to Achieve Black Boy Joy

Tasnim: Therapy is just one tool to help with healing and overall wellness. It’s also important to think about holistic healing, head to toe, inside [and] out. This means paying attention to the eight dimensions of your wellness: physical, spiritual, social, intellectual, emotional/mental, occupational, environmental, and financial.

Tristan: Accept that it’s okay to be a little selfish about your own joy and mental health. Understand that no one has more control over your joy than you do. You have to consistently invest in yourself.

How Black Men Should Address Mental Health With Their Sons

Mental Health

Tasnim: It starts with the example that the father or parent gives—not only what you say, but what you do. Your children will ultimately imitate how you care for your physical, spiritual, and emotional health. Your son should know that it’s ok to not be ok.

Tristan: I think all good parenting leads with embracing empathy, and by letting your children  see you being comfortable working on or dealing with your own mental health. If my sons, as they’re growing, mimic what I say and do, why wouldn’t I give them the best example possible of addressing my own mental health? 

How to Access Mental Health Care or Services Without Insurance

Tasnim: Black Men Heal is definitely an option for men [without insurance] because all of our services are free. There are other amazing groups that offer free or low cost resources for people such as Alkeme Health, The Loveland Foundation, The Boris L Henson Foundation, and Open Path Collective. There are so many amazing podcasts (Let’s Talk Bruh, etc.) and social pages (@ExpressYourselfBlackman) that provide free content aimed at helping improve your mental health. Something that works well for me personally, is to set up my social media profiles to only follow accounts that provide what I wish to feel, think, or be.

Why It’s Important to Understand Your Mental Health

Tasnim: Understanding your mental health is your personal blueprint to knowing your triggers, how your thoughts work, [how you] make certain choices, and why you react to certain things but not others.

Once you learn how to master your own personal mental health, you free yourself. You can control negative or irrational thoughts of doubt or fear; you know what to prepare for and how to manage your triggers; and most importantly you learn how to respond instead of react while making better decisions. 

Tristan: Life is about growth and it’s challenging to grow into your best self without understanding the impact of your life’s experiences on your own mental health. We can’t do it all on our own, and it’s, at times, difficult to ask for the help we might need.

bevel mental health lead self care

Why It’s Important to Ask for Help

Tasnim: Often, when we’re physically hurt or injured, we go to see a doctor or [something] similar. Mental health is no different, and asking for help opens the door to healing.

Tristan: It reminds me of something often credited to the great James Baldwin: “Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.” Without ever talking about mental health or asking for help, it is almost impossible to address any needs you might have. We are more powerful together than we are alone.

Contributed by Anslem Samuel Rocque, Amber MCKynzie

Comments Off on Digital Literacy and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria

Digital Literacy and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria

Posted by | August 26, 2022 | blog

Digital revolution

 Digital literacy is fundamentally changing business models, how work is performed and managed, and the kind of skills needed in the workplace. It is also changing the expectations we have of business owners’ traditional leadership skills and models which are no longer enough to foster market-leading innovation and entrepreneurial returns.

The Digital Economy is expanding across the globe, albeit at an uneven pace across different countries. In most countries, however, the digital economy is constantly being developed. According to a 2016 report by Oxford Economics, the global digital economy is valued at $11.5 trillion dollars or approximately 16% of the Global Economy. The global digital economy is also projected to account for a quarter of the global economy in the next 10 years. Nigeria currently does not have a large slice of the global digital economy but effort is being made to position the nation to play a leading role in contributing to this economy.

The World Economic Forum predicts that over 60% of global GDP will be digitized by 2022 and that over the next decade, digital platforms will be used to create close to 70% of new value. Furthermore, according to a report by Ericsson titled “How Important Are Mobile Broadband Networks for Global Economic Development,” 10% increase in mobile broadband penetration results in approximately 0.6% to 2.8% rise in gross domestic product (GDP).

Today we live in an information society in which more people must manage more information, which in turn requires more technological support, which both demands and creates more information. These developments have affected the whole essence of an individual’s life. Every individual uses digital devices from cell phones to digital cameras and computers; they are changing our everyday lives. Computers are used for virtually every aspect of life. They are also used in banking, mass media, publishing, communications, and they bring about quality in music, photography, marketing, film making and other businesses.

Although there have been various arguments on what digital literacy should be, it is a set of skills that enables individuals to operate effectively in information retrieval tasks in a technology-oriented environment. Digital literacy is critical for a nation’s workforce in today’s digital world. UNESCO (2011) defines digital literacy as the ability to access, use and disseminate information in the digital age. Digital literacy is about understanding information when it is presented in different formats, and figuring out how to use it in secure and productive ways.

For instance, in running businesses, digital technologies can be used to: sell goods or services (e-commerce, including apps), source materials, manage finances and employees and market businesses online (including social media) in order to boost entrepreneurial returns. Entrepreneurial returns are the benefit derived by business owners as a result of investing their time, money and education into their business. These benefits could be measurable in terms of gaining more customers, having more business outlets and making more profit.

In developed countries, research has shown that both large enterprises and small businesses have successfully adopted digital literacy or skills to gain competitive advantage, transform business models and improve relationships with customers and suppliers. These skills are an essential success factor for many successful small business owners (SBOs).

Digital literacy continues to be one of the major challenges faced by developing countries. The importance of digital literacy to the successful implementation of Nigeria’s digital economy was underscored by the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Mallam Isa Pantami, at the one-day virtual workshop, organised by the Nigerian Software Testing Qualifications Board (NGSTQB), themed: “Role of Software Testing in Nigeria’s Digital Economy.”  Pantami noted that, for Nigeria to achieve its ambitious target of 95 percent digital literacy level by 2030, “we will need to build the literacy of citizens, in order for them to understand and consume digital services.”

However, numerous research studies have been conducted on SBOs, and most findings maintained that despite their significant importance and contribution to economic growth, SBOs across the world, and in Nigeria in particular, are still faced with numerous challenges that inhibit entrepreneurial growth.

Regardless of each employee’s function, information and communication technology (ICT) competencies are becoming more and more crucial for many organisations. The variety of technology tools and resources used to communicate, create, distribute, store, retrieve, and manage information demonstrates the significance of digital literacy.

Each technology has a different potential, depending on how it is used. Knowing how to evaluate internet sources for the accuracy and reliability of information would be considered to be good digital literacy. For instance, utilising a computer requires procedural skills (file management), cognitive skills, and emotional-social abilities. Digital literacy is a mix of these talents (intuitively reading the visual messages in graphic user interfaces). As such, Nigerian educators must constantly adapt the curriculum to integrate the most recent technological developments because the components of computer literacy are changing as a result of technological advancements.

Despite the efforts of the government in creating small business development agencies in Nigeria, small businesses continue to face challenges that threaten their survival. However, several interventions have been launched in Africa, particularly in Nigeria, to assist entrepreneurs to grow sustainable businesses and become more digitally literate.

Various agencies were created to stimulate the development of the small- business sector of the Nigerian economy, including the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (SMEDAN). Others are National Directorate of Employment (NDE), Peoples Bank of Nigeria (PBN), Microfinance Banks, National Economic Reconstruction Fund (NERFUND), and National Bank of Commerce and Industry. In spite of the effort of the government in Nigeria, small businesses continue to face the challenges that threaten their survival.

The key-issues affecting SBOs include: Lack of funds, low entrepreneurial and managerial capabilities, poor and unreliable infrastructure, harsh business environment, poor service delivery and lack of access to modern technology.

Universities should open their doors to small business owners for technological development and innovations through diploma programmes, seminars and workshops. This can help to increase their entrepreneurial returns. Government should reinvent the future of small business owners by extending its current education reforms to make it more functional and need –oriented driven. Emphasis should be on social networking services (such as Facebook, Whatsapp, You tube) and how they can be used to foster entrepreneurial returns among SBOs.

  • Curled from The Nation Newspaper and written by Felix Oladeji (Lagos)

Comments Off on Performance Appraisal: A Critical factor in HR Management

Performance Appraisal: A Critical factor in HR Management

Posted by | February 17, 2022 | Career Tips / Blog

In real life situations, performance appraisal is a daily activity as it is also to organisations. We evaluate our activities daily, weekly, monthly or yearly to see our achievements and, challenges, correct our mistakes and set new targets.

More so in organisations. The continued success of organisations is dependent on its employees who in all thinking is the primary resource and, the focal point as all decisions revolve around her.  Their development and retention is a critical success factor if it must meet its present and future requirements and surpass same.

Performance appraisal sometimes referred to as performance evaluation or personnel evaluation, is very important in HR Management; a tool that places high in people Management. Other factors/functions which contribute to employee development are staff orientation and career development and all these add up to enhance organizational effectiveness.

Infact, performance appraisal is a fulcrum on which major HR activities revolve.  Many informed decisions such as promotions, wage hikes, transfers, terminations, job rotation, job enlargement, succession planning etc emanate from this. Again, the allocation of organizational resources is facilitated by performance appraisal.

What is Performance Appraisal?

“Performance appraisal is the process by which an organization obtains feedback about the effectiveness of its employees”. It is the evaluation of employee’s job performance and contributions to the organisation. In other words, it is a mechanism through which employees and the organization obtain feedback and provides organisation with assessment data for present and future use. It is the measurement of performance against set and agreed targets over a given period of time so as to obtain feedback.

The purpose of Performance Appraisal stems from the need to improve organizational efficiency by ensuring that employees perform to the best of their ability and also develop their potential for improvement. A good performance appraisal or management system is designed to serve two (2) main purposes:

  1. Evaluative purpose and
  2. Developmental purpose

Evaluative Functions: This function helps to promote or reward higher performances while at the same time assisting to determine low performance.

Development Function: On the other hand, this performance appraisal function is useful in determining the training needs of the subordinates while at the same time motivating them to higher performance.

Unfortunately, many people lay more emphasis on the evaluative function to the neglect of the developmental function.

A good organization should have a well-laid-down policy on employee performance management and the potential of each employee to access his/ her future development.

Performance appraisal must be seen as a result-oriented machinery for the growth of individuals and companies and not as a firing squad or punitive measure. You should note that organisations decide on what performance appraisal system to be adopted based on its laid down policy, suitability, and operational modus.

Performance appraisal is either open or closed. The open system is profound in the private sector while the closed system is more practiced in the public sector.

Performance appraisal can be classified under two broad systems: Individual and Multi-Person Appraisal Systems.

Individual Appraisal Method:

In the individual appraisal method, an employee’s performance is studied over a given period. This is aimed at identifying their strengths and weaknesses. Examples of these are Annual Confidential Reports, Essay Evaluations, Management by Objectives (MBO) and Check List Methods.

  • Confidential Reports:

Perhaps, this is the oldest method. It is a report prepared by employee’s senior/ supervisor wherein he/ she highlights the subordinate’s strength and weaknesses in the past year. The flaw about this method is that the feedback on the report prepared is not disclosed to the employee for whom this has been written because every report is kept confidential.

  • Critical Incident and Checklist Techniques:

In the critical incident technique, the superior studies and analyze the subordinate’s best and worse incidents of behavior in the past year; analyzing the most critical incidents while in the checklist method, the supervisor is given a paper that has set of statements that are expressive and purpose in nature, and the answers to which are either YES or NO. Here, the usual and typical questions are whether/ or not the performance was satisfactory and whether or not the standards were met.

Multiple Persons Appraisal Methods:

The multi-person appraisal method compares the performances of the employees in a particular department and are pitted against one another to identify the best performers and the worst performers. Examples of multi-person appraisal methods are Ranking System, Paired Comparison, Forced Distribution, Performance Tests and 360-Degree Appraisal.

  • Paired Comparison Method:

In this technique, the superior compares each individual to all the other individuals working in the team and the subordinates are all ranked on the basis of criteria and traits analyzed. The comparison method could be from the best to the worst or the worst to the best.

  • Management by Objective (MBO)

The Management by Objective (MBO) is a well-known technique for setting goals, then judging how they are met; it emphasizes on tangible and measurable goals. The Key Result Areas (KRA) and the means to attain maximum results are concentrated upon. This system gives the superior the opportunity of knowing his/ her team’s KRAs and the results expected at the end of the year/ or given period. In this method, the job is delegated and the authority, responsibility, and relationship are defined.

In this method, both the supervisor and the subordinate discuss, negotiate and agree on the goals to be attained over a period. The objectives/ target are expected to adhere to the SMARTER rules – Specific, Measurable, Agreed, Realistic, Time-bound, Ethical, and Recorded.

  • 360-Degree Method:

The 360-degree appraisal method involves various stakeholders – the employee’s immediate supervisor, other supervisors who are not the bosses but comes in contact with the employee/ appraisee on a daily basis, the top management, and the employee’s subordinates as all provide data/ information on his/ her performances.

All 360-degree of employee working and working styles are analyzed involving the whole cycle of individuals with whom the employee comes in contact or interacts with on the course of work. The feedback from the appraisal is passed on to the employee for increased performance.

Why do we conduct Performance Appraisals?

Performance appraisal aims at regularly assessing and reporting on subordinates’ performances, attainment, abilities, and potential for future development. It further seeks to:

  • Clarify the Key Result Areas (KRA) of the job and provide basis to agree on targets and standards of performance for a given period;
  • Assess the performance of employees and agree on how to foster continuous improvement;
  • Provide an opportunity for formal recognition and documentation of performances (the subordinate has the opportunity to bring certain achievements or constraints being experienced on the job to the attention of the boss, his/ her career plans and aspirations);
  • Generate information for management’s decision-making on issues like promotion, transfers, succession planning, job rotation, job redefinition, job enlargement, disengagement etc;
  • Determine employee potentials and provide guided development;
  • Provide an opportunity for identifying individual training and developmental needs;
  • Take stock of skills and talents available, strengths and weaknesses of employees in the organization
  • Provide feedback to employees on how organization view their (employee) performances;
  • Improve communication by compelling superiors and subordinates to hold periodic dialogue/meetings and provide feedback;
  • Provide basis for reward decisions – merit increases, reassignment and expatriation
  • Generate data/ information upon which workplans, budgeting and HR Planning can be based
  • Inform job distribution/ redesign, job enlargement, career planning and development;
  • Provide a ready tool for evaluating the effectiveness of selection and placement decisions;
  • Identify training and development needs for individual employees and entire teams/ divisions within the organization;
  • Provide a good criteria for assessing the success or otherwise of previous training and development efforts
  • Help in determining salary-related decisions;
  • Serve as a counseling forum;
  • Emphasize the strength and weaknesses of employees;
  • Improve motivation


Without mincing words, it must be stated that performance appraisal is key to the success of organisations as managers constantly make judgments about their subordinates based on performance appraisal and are expected to provide periodic feedback.

Note that performance appraisal system to be adopted by any organisation, could be predicated on its policy and developmental plans. There is no perfect method and several methods could be combined..

To make feedback a powerful instrument in performance appraisal and in improving the level of satisfaction, performance appraisal must not only be based on objective criteria but such criteria should have been jointly put in place and agreed upon between the supervisor and subordinate as employees who are involved in actually setting their own goals tend to perform at higher levels.

Contributed by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited

Agolo Uzorka
Agolo Uzorka
Comments Off on Salary Increase: Teachers Praise Buhari’s intervention

Salary Increase: Teachers Praise Buhari’s intervention

Posted by | October 1, 2021 | blog

The Nigerian Teachers Union (NUT) has commended President Muhammadu Buhari for his efforts to restore the glory of Nigerian teachers.

The union’s general secretary, Dr. Mike Ike-Ene, delivered the eulogy at a symposium organized by the Ministry of Education on Thursday in Abuja.

The symposium was part of the activities commemorating the next World Teachers’ Day 2021 with the theme “Teachers at the heart of the recovery of education”.

Ike-Ene, who was represented by NUT member Okoroafor Okechukwu, noted that efforts to conclude work on the 2020 promise to teachers by the president were commendable.

He also praised the guarantee provided by the Federal Government that the implementation of the improved salary structure for teachers, extended years of service for teachers, assignments and other incentives would begin in January 2022.

According to him, updating incentives will go a long way to repositioning the teaching profession, as well as giving teachers the confidence to compete globally.

“If the years of service for teachers, for example, are increased and sustained to 40 years of service or 65 years before retirement, there will be a huge benefit.

“In addition, increased motivation increases the momentum, ego needs of teachers and encourages them to focus and treasure their work.

“The teaching profession deserves its place of honor in attracting the best brains.

“Where attractive conditions exist, the lost glory of the profession will undoubtedly be recovered.

The Nigerian News Agency (NAN) reports that President Buhari, on the commemoration of World Teachers’ Day on October 5, 2020, approved a special salary scale and special pension plan for teachers.

He also said that the Trust Fund for Tertiary Education (TETFUND) would begin to finance teaching practice in universities and colleges of education.

In addition, he promised to secure provisions for the rural employment allowance, the science teacher allowance, and the special allowance.

The president also promised to sponsor at least one refresher training, the construction of low-cost housing for teachers in rural areas, and the reintroduction of the scholarship.

Other promises are the expansion of the annual awards for teachers and presidential schools and the payment of stipends to students of bachelor of education and automatic employment after graduation.

As part of the effort to make the promise come true, the president issued a letter in June about a bill to raise the retirement age for teachers from 60 to 65.

The bill also seeks to extend the years of service of teachers from 35 to 40 years.

Meanwhile, relevant stakeholders are working on other incentives, which are policy matters, to ensure their implementation by 2022. (NAN)

Comments Off on HR Analytics and Metrics: The Corresponding Benefits

HR Analytics and Metrics: The Corresponding Benefits

Posted by | July 11, 2021 | blog

HR Analytics, People Analytics and Workforce Analytics are all same terms interchangeably used. HR Analytics is about using data to make better business decisions; it is a data-driven approach geared towards managing people at the workplace.

Many HR professionals have variously defined it and they have been unanimous in their definitions. It is “the systematic identification and quantification of people drivers of business outcomes”. “HR Analytics is a data-driven approach towards HR Management“. “it is the quantification of people drivers on business outcomes”. It measures why something is happening and its impact.


Again, Workforce Analytics is about analyzing people data to answer critical questions about people in your organization. For instance, What is your annual employee turnover? Or What percentage of your employees are likely to resign their appointments from your Company in the next six months? These questions can only be answered using data.

HR Analytics starts with an opinion and data helps to confirm the opinion. Thereafter, we compare the data and make valid judgments. This is where metrics come in.

HR Metrics are measurements used to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of HR policies – they compare different data points. For instance, if last year’s labour cost was 10% and it is now 15%, it then means that it has increased by 50%. Metrics measure the difference between numbers and compare different data – they don’t show you the cause. Measures or metrics without analysis has no true value.

It is a fact that HR Departments are very good at collecting data (for example the Performance Appraisal) but how much of these data are put into use?! A lot of them remain unused. As soon as organisations start analysing these collected data, they are involved in HR Analytics.

HR Analytics assists HR professionals in making data-driven decisions to attract, maintain, develop and motivate the workforce and improve ROI; enables managers make better business decisions, create conducive and better work-environment and maximize employees’ productivity.

What I have learnt as a Consultant over the years is that applying HR Analytics changes how Companies do business and add values to the business. it helps organisations identify different levels that they can turn better decisions. In effect, when HR Analytics is well utilized, it creates positive impact on the bottomline.

Truly, Talent Analytics is connotative and more often used in the academic environment, while workforce analytics is more used by software providers whilst assisting in workforce planning. People Analytics and HR Analytics simply refer to the statistical analysis of people data. Of these, HR Analytics is more globally used and popular according to RS Research and ranks highest in Google search while People Analytics ranks second. Although, People Analytics is increasingly becoming popular because HR Analytics is becoming overused and everything referred to HR data is now being referred to as HR Analytics!

Again, the term HR analytics is very narrow because it only refers to Human Resources. Ideally, analytics go beyond HR as it includes financials, and other data. Infact, HR department sometimes don’t have the skill-set requisite to carry out data analysis hence it requires professionals with experiences in IT, Finance and other related data analytical areas.

Whether you are looking at performance, calculating productivity trends, employees’ turnover, reviewing ROI or engaged in long-term workforce planning, you are involved in studying and analyzing people. HR Departments have focused on people-related matters that transcends Human Resources for decades.

Without mincing words, the responsibility of managing people in the workplace has always been a shared responsibility between the business and HR. An attempt to distinguish between HR Analytics and People Analytics appears to be a bit difficult because it is a matter of semantics. Rather, we should focus on the value that analytics bring or adds to the overall business performances by improving the overall decision-making process.

HR Analytics Benefits


  • It changes the way people are managed in a significant way as you no longer rely on emotions, gossips etc in decision-making;
  • Helps HR professionals in making informed data-driven decisions and also tests the effectiveness (HR output) and efficiency (input) of HR policies and interventions;
  • Engenders better compensation, incentive and drives employee performance
  • Minimises the incidence of making decisions based on intuition
  • Promotes better employee development and improves engagement
  • Identifies causes and its impact on the business;
  • Tracks the effectiveness of HR metrics on HR business outcomes;
  • Provides answers to very salient questions;
  • Enables better workforce planning
  • Points out the effects of metrics on business performance
  • Helps create a business case for HR interventions, moving from operational partner to strategic partner;

HR departments these days simply focus more on reporting employee data but this approach is outdated in today’s data driven economy. Mere keeping records is not sufficient to add strategic value. The data should be turned into information and the information into insight. Turning data into insights enables HR to be more involved in decision making at a more strategic level and adds value to the organization, enhancing its efficiency and effectiveness.

I must state at this juncture that any monies spent on general business analytics delivers multiple values in return.

Contributed by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited

HR Analytics and Metrics: The Corresponding Benefits
Agolo Uzorka
Comments Off on Succession Planning and The Accruing Benefits

Succession Planning and The Accruing Benefits

Posted by | June 16, 2021 | blog, Career Tips / Blog

Employees of an organisation

Succession Planning – When your plan is to retire in the nearest future, for whatever reasons, then there is that need to carefully plan for your successor, so as to protect the values of your organization and limit the incidence of vacuum creation in its general performances.

As the business owner of your organization over time there would have been several things that have been very dependent on your personality, skills, and decision-making. To ensure that there is no gap nor breach but continuity and seamless transition, there is that choice to ensure that a proper succession plan is put in place to engender and foster continuity when you exit the business, when you so desire, without negative effects on the business operations.

What is Succession Planning?

“Succession Planning is the process of identifying high-potential employees, evaluating and developing their skills and preparing them for advancement”. Succession planning is about planning towards transition of leadership positions which includes recruiting new talents or training employees of the organization to successfully takeover roles of exiting employees. It is an important aspect of talent management process.

Succession plan in other words describes and clarifies the succession process and it is developed as an overall strategy for the entire business; it spells out roles thereafter, the responsibilities of teams that will be involved, the manning levels, structures and functions of every position.

Human Resources Department of organisations are most times saddled with the responsibilities of searching internally or recruiting external candidates that are right for the position with the right culture-fit. Sometimes, organisations groom potential employees internally to replace exiting employees.

A lot of organisations hardly engage in this and sometimes informally. According to a 2019 article in Forbes, two-third of companies have no formal succession plan. It is supposed to be a task that organisations evolve as it is designed to curtail the unforeseen and unexpected absences of employees who occupy key roles in the organization. In most organisations talent’s growth and development are accelerated and development plans are put in place for them.

In succession planning, there is need to have a clear understanding of the organisation’s long-term goals and objectives. It is equally important to identify high-potential candidates, talents within the organisation and their respective developmental needs and requirements and also determine the workforce trends and predictions.

Identifying a Successor:

When considering a successor, these are some of the steps you take:

  • Write out the job description: describe the functions and responsibilities inherent in the job;
  • Person description: identify skills, interests and abilities required to perform the job;
  • Draw up list of candidates: their experiences, qualifications and career history. This is made easier if the potential successor is an employee or family member. In this wise, you have to be more objective in your plan and choice;
  • Identify skills-gap and training needs;
  • provide development plans and monitor performances.

Benefits of Succession Planning:

Succession Planning:

  • provides means of identifying key roles, employees with the right skill-mix and positions requirements to fill within a given time;
  • ensures that vacuums are not created in key positions in organisations thereby always creating stability in business operations;
  • provides meaningful developmental opportunities;
  • acts as reward to employees for dedication, commitment and long-service to organisations;
  • gives insights to management on the future constitution and makeup of the organistation.
  • assists reduce costs on recruiting and enables organization manage recruitment in-house;
  • provides data for management decision-making.
  • reduces labour turnover and allows for continuity.

In succession planning you should ensure that you discuss with as many people as possible who would be affected by the plan; consult widely and seek opinion so as to get reassurance and reduce misunderstanding amongst stakeholders, gain confidence and explain the essence of the succession plan.

You also require to have a time-frame for the transition process. What is the timeline for training of your successor, resignation of the current job-holder so as to avoid a succession plan that is timeless which could also lead to loss of key accounts.

Succession planning could also be complex if not well handled more especially if you don’t know the right steps to take. Seek advice from experienced professionals, consultants, lawyers, colleagues, friends who have a good understanding of the subject matter, whose experience may be relevant.

Choosing a Successor:

In choosing a successor you must do proper person-evaluation – you should look critically at candidate’s:

  • commitment to the business ideals;
  • ability to develop further;
  • leadership qualities and interpersonal skills they have to motivate others;
  • how independent they can operate and how appropriate etc.

Common Mistakes in Succession Planning:

There are common mistakes made whilst carrying out succession plan and these are some of them:

Reacting to crisis: Some are reactive and wait for crisis to occur within the organisation before hurriedly engaging in succession planning. This is not supposed to be so. It is advisable to engage in succession planning whilst the business is still in good stead, and profitable as it allows for smooth transition and gives good range of options instead of rushing into it, trying to ameliorate the situation and sometimes compounding the already compounded situation.:

Taking the Wrong Path:

In succession planning, you should be open-minded in your decision-making so as to objectively select a good successor. Don’t rush into putting your relations, children, son in the position just because he is heir-apparent … “I want my child to continue from where I stop”. These are undue sentiments we get involved in and it has led to the fall of many businesses! Sometimes they (relations) have different plans, very different from yours! You should be more concerned about the ability to run a successful business and the effects the decision would have on long-serving employees. The answer to this is to allow for good time to do a wider consultation with relevant staff and business partners.

Consulting an outsider who understands your business and the market will also suffice as he would be in a better position to independently identify the best hands to succeed you and also make recommendations; he is positioned to give an objective judgement on qualities of employees you could select as your successor.

Holding on to position because you feel you are indispensable may be detrimental to the organization. This is the worse you can do to your business. Don’t wait till it is too late and even when you leave don’t interfere in the business except if the business is truly failing and its in dire need of your assistance.

I understand letting go of power may be a bit difficult but if succession plan in properly put in place and executed accordingly, you should be confident that the business will be on a good pedestal and it will do well.

Contributed by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited (www,

Succession Planning and The Accruing Benefits
Agolo Uzorka

Termination of Employment

Termination of Employment contract is one of the most difficult aspects of Human Resource Management, depending on the side of the divide you are. It is one assignment many HR Managers or whoever that manages the assigned role of workforce management deplores because it is a negative role, but a difficult aspect of the job that must be executed. This was one of my albatross as a Human Resource Manager, when I worked in one organisation because the Managing Director always used it wrongly as a threat to employees which should not be – it could be very demotivating!

According to Wikipedia, “termination of employment is an employee’s departure from a job and the end of an employee’s duration with an employer. Termination may be voluntary on the employee’s part, or it may be at the hands of the employer, often in the form of dismissal (firing) or a layoff”.

“Termination of employment refers to the end of an employee’s work with a company. Termination may be voluntary, as when a worker leaves of their own accord, or involuntary, in the case of a company downsize or layoff, or if an employee is fired” – Investopedia.

Termination of employment according to Oladosu O. in his book, The Nigerian Labour and Employment Law, “is the bringing to an end the employment relationship”. It is the severance of relationship between the employer and employee.

Termination of employment could occur from either the employer or employee but should meet the written terms of the contract. The employer nor the employee is neither under any obligation to give reasons for the termination of employment contract.

You should know that Section 11 of the Labour Act in terms of contract of employment, provides for a compulsory issuance of notice or payment in lieu of notice by either party. Section 11(6) of the same act provides that “the right”to notice may be waived by ether party to the contract of employment by a payment in lieu of notice“.

Be reminded that contract of employment may not always be a written document; all that is required is that parties involved should reach an agreement and abide by the terms of engagement.

The termination of employment and dismissal brings the contract of employment to an end. The law on termination and dismissal in Nigeria is built around Common Law.

Factors leading to termination of Contract of Employment:

i). Expiry of Contract of Employment: at the expiry of fixed term contract for which the employee services may no longer be required, termination may be the next option;

ii) Mutual consent/ agreement: this could be occasioned by retirement or may be a “constructive dismissal”, a situation where employee is advised / forced to resign by the employer due to some irreconcilable differences.

iii). By notice e.g.

  • Resignation
  • Dismissal
  • Redundancy (when an employer ceases to carry on the business)

iv). Breach of contract, necessitating the employer to dismiss the employee without notice.


a). willful disobedience of lawful order, evidencing total disregard for the terms of contract and utter disrespect for constituted authority;

b). dereliction, abandonment or desertion of duty;

c). serious negligence or prolonged incompetence;

e). misrepresentation or falsification of information supplied in any official document;

f). on the receipt of unsatisfactory report(s) from the previous employer of the employee on probation;

g) giving out or divulging confidential information about the company’s trade secrets to a third party or person not entitled to know;

h). conviction for felony or any other criminal offence by a competent court of law;

i). dishonesty, misconduct or any act likely to bring the company’s name into disrepute or ridicule;

j). frustration emanating from the death, illness or imprisonment of employer or employee.


The Webstar’s Dictionary and Thesaurus defines dismissal as the act of removing a person from office. Nigeria Law refers to dismissal as the determination of a contract of employment due to the employee’s misconduct and it is carried out summarily without advanced notice nor payment in lieu of notice. Employers adopt this to erring employees in cases of gross misconduct. In most situations, it takes immediate effect and it is the sole right enjoyed by the employer. The principle of fair hearing and natural justice must apply in such situation.

Dismissal does not only include the termination of an employee’s contract by his employer; it is also ending a fixed term contract without a renewal on the same terms.

Secondly, it is the termination of employment by the employee where the employers conduct forces him/ her to do so. This is referred to as “constructive dismissal” significantly precipitated by employer’s breach of contract, signifying that the employer no longer wants to be bound by one or more terms and conditions of the contract. The employee may decide to leave immediately depending on the gravity of the breach and ability to meet up with such conditions and responsibilities that appertains thereto (if any) to such actions.

Dismissals vary as follows:

Summary dismissal: This is when the employer dismisses the employee without the required notice period and as such, the employee may also not be entitled to payment(s) – entitlement(s). This occurs and can only be justified if the employee has committed a serious breach of contract otherwise he or she could seek redress in a competent court of law.

Unfair dismissal: An employee may approach the National Industrial Court to bring claim if he/she believes that he/she has been unfairly dismissed. The onus will lie on the employee first to prove that he/ she has been dismissed; and the employer’s responsibility at this point will be to prove that the dismissal was fair.

Wrongful dismissal: The employee can lay claim for wrongful dismissal if he/ she can prove with evidence that the dismissal was without justification as he/ she has not breached any part of the contract. The employee will also have to prove that it was not with appropriate notice and that that was ignored by the employer, thereby suffering losses as a result. The employer will be liable to wrongful termination in the Court of Law.

If wrongful dismissal can be proved, the employee may be able to claim some damages resulting from loss of earnings payable during the notice period or balance of wages due under fixed term contract.

In dismissing an employee, the employer is not justified except there were some serious offenses.


Resignation is a form of termination of contract by notice. Contracts are expected to specify notice periods. Be that as it may, termination of employment during probationary period carries minimal notice period or none, depending on several variables – position, company policy, reasons for resignation etc. Notice may be waived, or payment made in lieu of notice.

Employees may resign appointment for any number of reasons, personal or occupational which could be a reflection on the management style, company’s culture, harassment, increased work hours, new work location etc.

When an employee announces his/ her resignation, verbally or by letter, it is pertinent for Management to find out reasons why he/ she is leaving through the exit interview so as to make possible adjustments, where necessary.


In managing termination of employment, the Human Resource Manager and Management generally should consider how the factors above apply in a given situation, depending largely on the individual concerned, the responsibilities of the incumbent job holder, cost of replacement in terms of time and finance, public perception and corporate image, company’s policy etc.

Contributed by Agolo Uzorka Eugene, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited, a front-line Human Resource Company, providing world-class services to a wide-range of clients (

Termination of Employment
Agolo Uzorka Eugene

Time Management Skills & Tips

Posted by | April 14, 2020 | blog

Time Management Skills & Tips

Achieving effective time management is something that almost everyone strives for. But it can be much harder than it sounds. The frustration many people feel when they cannot accomplish what they want in a set amount of time can be overwhelming.

However, learning a few simple tricks and sticking to what works for you can make all the difference in accomplishing your goals of time management. Think Smart to Succeed. In the November 30, 2001, issue of Fort Worth Business Press, Irwin Pollock states that “If you want the highest  return on your investment (your time), make sure you’re only doing those things that will help you achieve your goals (in the least amount of time).” Simply put, thinking smart and fast helps you achieve as much as possible in your allotted amount of time. To do this, an individual can implement a few simple tricks that can help the process along.

Make a List Time-Management-Skills-tips.

One of the most important aspects of time management is to make a list of what needs to be done during the day. This should be the very first thing that a person does in the morning. However, some people make lists both in the morning and the afternoon (before leaving the office). That way, they are always on track and know what they need to do. As each goal is achieved, they can mark it off the list. By having one’s goals already written down, there is no need to waste precious time thinking about what needs to get done.

Use a Schedule.

Many people rely on their schedules to get them through their days. The October 30, 2008, edition of Healthcare Risk Management reports that “one of the most beneficial things you can do is block your time off of your schedule.” Today’s schedules exist on cell phones, BlackBerries, and other computerized environments. These schedules tell people where and when they need to be somewhere. Schedules can help keep you on track but if you solely use electronic devices to keep you on schedule, you can become dependent on the device. If the device fails and you have not kept a backup copy of the schedule, it could wreak havoc in your life. Remember to always back up your schedule to another computer or simply keep a handwritten copy of it for safekeeping.

Eliminating Distractions.

One of the biggest ways to lose time is to get distracted. Many things can cause distractions such as telephones or questions from co-workers. Knowing what your individual distraction is can help you eliminate it. For example, if the distraction is phone calls, let the call go to voicemail. If you are distracted by interruptions from other staff members, you may need to keep your door closed. Staying on track and eliminating distractions that cause you to get off schedule can be challenging at times, but if you can keep distractions to a minimum, then you will be more likely to accomplish your long-term goals.

Set a Time Limit.

Finally, setting a time limit for each activity during the day can be useful. The October 30, 2008, edition of Healthcare Risk Management reports that “allotting a specific amount of time will enable you to concentrate on  just the matter at hand without concerning yourself with the clock or other things around you.” Setting a time limit for each activity forces you to move on when the time is up. Using the time limit rule makes it possible to stay on track and not keep any other appointments waiting.

Final Thoughts.

Strategically using some simple tools can make all the difference when trying to stay on track and manage your time effectively. Time management is something that is different for everyone and it must be learned. You have to work on time management for it to be effective. Keeping yourself on track helps reduce your overall stress during the day. At the end of the day, when you’ve achieved your goals, it can be a very gratifying feeling.    

Contributed by Kristie Jernigan

7 Types of Companies You Should Never Work For

No matter how desperate you are for a job, or how annoyed you may be at your current gig, there are some companies you’re better off not working for. Even if the money is good, the role seems irresistible, and even your friends say it’s worth a shot, accepting a role at a crappy company can set your career back and even jeopardize your future success.

So how do you know which companies to steer clear of? Here at Glassdoor, we don’t like to point fingers because all companies have the tools to change. Nevertheless, here are 7 types of companies that might as well have “Do not apply” flashing on a neon sign in the window.

1. The High Turnover Outfit

Red flags: Key roles pop up consistently on a company’s job site.

How bad is it: A company should not be on the hunt for the same important roles in management or leadership every six months, and if they are that means that they have fallen into a hire-and-fire cycle. This can indicate a few things.

  • One, leadership may be very fickle; unable to land on the specific qualities they want in a candidate.
  • Two, the company may have a bad internal culture which makes retention nearly impossible, no matter how talented the new hires may be.
  • Three, top level goals may be as fleeting as the talent.

What to do: Companies with high turnover won’t deliver on their promises and may just be a waste of time.

2. The Culture Clash Corp

Red flags: Negative employee reviews, lack of focus on a true employee experience, recruiters evading your questions.

How bad is it? A poor company culture may not seem like a deal breaker, but it should be. Recently, we’ve seen a handful of examples where company culture has significantly handicapped public perception.  Even if a company’s poor culture hasn’t played out publicly, it can be bad for your career. It’s well known that a positive company culture can drive financial performance and a productive workforce. Therefore, a negative culture can do the exact opposite.

What to do: Avoid companies who tout their ping-pong tournament but won’t allow you speak to existing employees about their experiences. Consider ending interview discussions with companies that evade questions about culture. And just say no to places who define “hard work” as 15-hour days and long weekend email threads.

3. The Curb Appealer

Red flags: Pristine and ideal image in marketing materials and publicity, however, the day-to-day operation is far from glamorous. Only the leaders have what can pass as offices, staff is dispersed amongst shoddy cubicles, lighting is awful, technology is from the ’90s, and let’s not get started on the break room.

How bad is it? We’ve all seen them: the amazingly beautiful house on the block with the pristine lawn and the paint job that always manages to look fresh, even in the winter. These are the homes with curb appeal. They are the envy of every neighbor and look like a million bucks. But, have you ever been inside a home with massive curb appeal? Unless you’re in a really impressive neighborhood, they can have less-than-ideal interiors. The same can go for companies that are featured in all the top publications, have the coolest website, the most cutting-edge ad campaigns, and marketing materials. However, inside might tell another story.

What to do: Do your due diligence before you apply to a company to look inside its offices, get a sense of the digs and see if it’s a place you want to spend 40+ hours a week.

4. The Top Heavy Business

Red flags: Too many executives brainstorming, too few employees tasked with executing.

How bad is it: The three leading drivers of long-term employee satisfaction include culture and values, career opportunities, and trust in senior leadership. That does not mean, however, that all of the emphasis should be placed on attracting top executives to a company. Sure, it’s important to have phenomenal leadership, but when you read reviews of a company, be sure to note how much emphasis is placed on rank & file employees. All team members are important and you should see that reflected in employee reviews of the company and in their hiring practices.

What to do: Ask yourself: Who’s getting promoted internally? Or are outsiders filling key positions? Why are there 10 SVPs, but only 100 employees? If the answers to these questions puzzle you, then you may be looking at a top-heavy company.

There are Companies that you should never work for even when their offer is good...
Recruitment of Personnel

5. The Perpetual Promisor

Red flags: Unfulfilled corporate expectations, employees report a lack of trust in CEO, inability to live up to brand promises.

How bad is it? In the era of transparency, most companies are fully aware that they must attract the best talent with full, robust and competitive packages. In order to do this, they make promises. Companies make promises around the job, the compensation package, the culture and the brand. Furthermore, companies have a brand promise that is a manifestation of its core business strategy. The problem with promises, however, they can be broken. Beware of companies that make promise after promise after promise.

Let’s boil this down to something tangible: a promotion. Your boss at XYZ company promises you a promotion based on your hard work and value to the company. You start to get excited about the new role and, of course, the increased pay. However, a month goes by and no one has mentioned anything. You follow up, and your boss routes you to HR. All you get from HR is blank stares and shrugged shoulders. Finally, weeks later you’ve been sent an email stating that your promotion has been delayed. Sigh. Broken promise.

What to do: Consider leaving. A company is only as good as its brand promise and the trust of its employees. Without these two things, it is doomed to fail.

6. The “Stagnator”

Red flags: Lack of learning opportunities, fails to promote mentorship, offers little more than the role you’ve applied for.

How bad is it? You’ve got the offer from the firm or company of your dreams. The money is right, the role is perfect and your future co-workers are people you’d absolutely grab a beer with after work. So what, there’s no learning-and-development offerings. So what, the hiring manager evaded your questions about your future goals. No big deal, right? Hardly. The stagnant company is one to stay away from as well because it places little to no emphasis on helping you meet your long-term career goals. While this type of company may work for some job seekers looking for a very particular type of job, for many it presents a dead-end.

What to do: Working at a “stagnator” means that you’ll likely be back on the job hunt in 12 to 18 months. Remember, to stagnate is a verb that means, “to cease developing; become inactive or dull.” This is not what you want for your career.

7. The Directionless Ship

Red flags: No clear plan for the future, employees don’t know long-term goals, senior leadership fails to adequately communicate.

How bad is it? Beware of the Titanic companies that tout all the bells and whistles, but lack a clear direction. It’s these companies that inevitably hit the icebergs or big challenges over time and can become in danger of sinking. Companies should be forthright about where they stand financially, where they see themselves going, and should be willing to talk about any major challenges. If the hiring team is unable to discuss openly what direction the company hoping to go, it may be a clue that they lack a plan for growth and that the foundation may be shaky.

What to do: No matter how promising a company looks to the media or how much buzz surrounds the company’s latest product, if the value proposition and forecast are unclear, the company does not have a winning strategy.

Courtesy: Glassdor

Comments Off on Strategizing HR: Maximizing Competitive Advantage through the Human Resource Value Chain

Strategizing HR: Maximizing Competitive Advantage through the Human Resource Value Chain

Posted by | September 6, 2023 | blog

Strategizing HR: Maximizing Competitive Advantage through the Human Resource Value Chain

In the dynamic landscape of modern business, organizations continually strive to out-perform their competitors. One crucial avenue for gaining a competitive advantage is the realm of Human Resource Management. HR was once perceived as a supportive function but has evolved into a strategic partner for organizations, An approach that has gained considerable traction in recent times is Human Resource Value Chain Management (HRVCM). This article delves into what Human Resource Value Chain Management (HRVCM) is, and its concept, explaining its pivotal role in enhancing organizational performance. It also explores the components, benefits, challenges, and considerations of this strategic approach.

What is HR Value Chain?

“The HR value chain is a model that shows how the outputs of HR activities and practises contribute to company objectives. It demonstrates that the department has a number of processes and actions that result in HR results, which help the organisation achieve its goals” – peopleHum

Unraveling the Human Resource Value Chain

The concept of the value chain, pioneered by Michael Porter in the 1980s, provides a framework for organizations to scrutinize and optimize their internal operations to generate value for customers. The human resource value chain adapts this notion to the domain of Human Resource Management; it regards HR activities as a series of interconnected processes that collectively contribute to an organization’s success, and empirically shows how HR adds value to organizational goal.

The Building Blocks of Human Resource Value Chain Management

  • Manpower Planning and Acquisition: This initial link in the Human Resource Value Chain aligns HR strategies with organizational goals and objectives. It involves manpower planning, talent acquisition, and recruitment. Effective manpower planning ensures that the organization possesses individuals with the requisite skills, positioned correctly, and at optimal costs to achieve its objectives.
  • Onboarding and Orientation: After hiring, the next step involves integrating employees into the organization. Effective onboarding and orientation processes set targets, introduce company culture, and provide relevant training, thereby establishing a solid foundation for employee engagement.
  • Performance Management & Standards: Establishing performance standards, providing regular feedback, and conducting performance appraisals enhance employee productivity, engagement, and development.
  • Compensation and Benefits: Fair and competitive compensation packages are essential for attracting and retaining top talent. This aspect of the HR value chain ensures that employees are equitably rewarded for their contributions.
  • Employee Training and Development: Continuous learning and development are vital for individual and organizational growth. HR identifies training needs and offers skill improvement opportunities.
  • Employee Engagement and Well-being: Employee engagement significantly impacts productivity and retention. HR fosters a conducive work environment, promotes work-life balance, and addresses employee well-being.
  • Employee Relations and Communication: Effective communication channels and conflict resolution mechanisms maintain a positive workplace culture and address employee concerns.
  • Talent Retention and Succession Planning: Retaining top talent and planning for leadership succession are critical for the long-term sustainability of organizations. Human Resource Value Chain Management ensures organizations have a pipeline of skilled employees ready for leadership roles.
  • Human Resource Technology and Data Analytics: Modern HR relies heavily on technology and data analytics for informed decision-making. Tools like HRIS (Human Resource Information Systems) and data-driven insights support HR processes.

The Significance of HR Value Chain Management:

Implementing Human Resource Value Chain Management offers several advantages for organizations:

  • Enhanced Strategic Alignment: Human Resource Value Chain Management aligns HR practices with organizational objectives, ensuring that HR activities directly contribute to business goals. For instance, HR can focus on acquiring communication and cultural competencies to expand market presence in specific regions.
  • Improved Efficiency: Viewing HR processes as interconnected links helps identify and streamline operations, enhancing efficiency and reducing costs.
  • Optimized Talent Management: Emphasizing talent acquisition, development, and retention ensures the right people are in the right positions, leading to improved performance and reduced labour turnover.
  • Data-Driven Decision-Making: Human Resource Value Chain Management integrates technology and data analytics, enabling informed decision-making by identifying trends and anticipating needs.
  • Enhanced Employee Experience: A well-managed Human Resource Value Chain fosters a positive employee experience, resulting in increased productivity and loyalty.
  • Strategic Recruitment: Human Resource Value Chain Management (HRVCM) aligns manpower planning and talent acquisition with organizational needs, reducing recruitment costs and improving workforce quality.
  • Effective Training and Development: Human Resource Value Chain Management identifies training needs, enhancing workforce skills and adaptability.
  • Competitive Compensation: Fair compensation packages reduce the risk of talent loss to competitors.
  • Succession Planning: HRVCM ensures a skilled talent pool for leadership roles.
  • Improved Communication: Effective communication and conflict resolution contribute to a positive workplace culture.
  • Adapting to Change: Human Resource Value Chain Management enables organizations to swiftly adapt to evolving business needs.
  • Compliance: Human Resource Value Chain Management helps organizations stay compliant with labour laws and industry standards, reducing legal risks.
  • Competitive Advantage: Organizations implementing Human Resource Value Chain Management gain a competitive advantage as they attract and retain top talent, adapt to market changes, make data-driven decisions, and position themselves as industry leaders.

Challenges and Considerations in HR Value Chain Management:

Despite its merits, Human Resource Value Chain Management (HRVCM) is not devoid of challenges:

  • Complex Implementation: Human Resource Value Chain Management (HRVCM) requires a significant overhaul of HR processes, necessitating technology investments, training, and cultural shifts.
  • Data Security: Increased reliance on technology mandates robust data security and privacy compliance.
  • Change Management: Transitioning to Human Resource Value Chain Management may encounter resistance from employees and leadership, necessitating effective change management.
  • Technology Integration: Integrating technology tools can be complex and may face compatibility issues.
  • Data Quality: Human Resource Value Chain Management relies on accurate data, necessitating rigorous data management.
  • Skills Gap: HR teams may need training to effectively implement Human Resource Value Chain Management.
  • Overemphasis on Metrics: Striking a balance between data-driven decision-making and qualitative aspects is crucial.
  • Resistance to Change: Some HR professionals may resist the shift from traditional practices.
  • Measuring Impact: Demonstrating HR’s direct impact on organizational performance can be challenging. Clear cause-and-effect relationships must be established.


In conclusion, Human Resource Value Chain Management offers a strategic framework to optimize HR processes and enhance organizational performance. While it presents challenges, its potential benefits make it a valuable strategy for organizations seeking a competitive edge in today’s business landscape.

Agolo Uzorka

Agolo is a PhD student in Human Resource Management at Highstone International University, California, USA

Comments Off on How to Craft A Marketable & Attractive Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How to Craft A Marketable & Attractive Curriculum Vitae (CV)

Posted by | August 8, 2023 | Career Tips / Blog

How to Craft A Marketable & Attractive Curriculum Vitae (CV)

“Your CV/ Resume says a lot about you, it determines whether you will be called in for an interview or not”

What is a Curriculum Vitae (CV)? 

A Curriculum Vitae (CV is short for the Latin phrase curriculum vitae, which means “course of life”) is a detailed document highlighting one’s professional and academic history); a copy used to list one’s qualifications and to apply for a job.

The Curriculum Vitae provides detailed information about an individual’s education, skills, experiences/ work history, and accomplishments; the CV is much more comprehensive than the typical resume and therefore can be much longer.

The word Curriculum Vitae is interchangeably used with Resume. The two are not the same. For the sake of this discussion, we will briefly explain what a Resume is, but we will dwell more on Curriculum Vitae.

On the other hand, a Resume “provides a summary of your education, work history, credentials, and other accomplishments and skills”.

Contents of A CV:

  • Names
  • Contact details
  • Professional profile
  • Research interests
  • Publications
  • Skills
  • Work experiences
  • Education & Qualifications/ Certificates
  • Conferences &and courses attended
  • Languages spoken
  • Hobbies
  • References

What are the purposes of a CV?

  • Markets the job applicant;
  • Communicates the job applicant’s selling points;
  • Indicates why a candidate should be considered for the job;
  • Displays information about a potential employee;
  • Show how the candidate intends to deal with the challenges being encountered by the potential employer and
  • Finally to gain the Recruiters attention and get a job interview opportunity.

Factors to Consider in Preparing A CV:

So, certain factors will play key roles in determining the type or CV style you should adopt like:

-if it is your first job after graduation;

  • the stage you are in your career;
  • are you continuing on the same career path or you are changing your career?
  • have you had fairly standard career development or it has been bumpy, bumpy, and less attractive?
  • are you targeting a specific job in a certain company or you are searching for a new and challenging job?
  • how long since you last updated your CV or do you think that it is out-modelled?

With these factors in mind and questions rightly asked and answered, you will be able to decide on the type of CV format for you, that would provide you the sought-after interview opportunity, preceding landing you your dream job.

In crafting a marketable and attractive CV, carefully review your previous employment(s). If you have worked for a long, articulate the challenges you have had, the skills you used, and, how you were able to resolve the challenges and the end results in document format. The end result is your accomplishment which might have been achieved as a team or an individual and might have been recognized by the organization. These should be emphasized in your CV and re-echoed at interviews when given an opportunity.

It might be a challenge as a fresh graduate to state your achievements, but you should emphasize your academic, athletic, internship, and other accomplishments in your CVs

Types of CVs:

There are numerous types of CVs but we will be focusing on the three under listed formats/styles/types:

  • Chronological CV
  • Functional CV
  • Combination CV

Chronological CV:

This remains the most popular type of CV which you are used to seeing and many refer to it as a “FULL CV”. As the name denotes, it follows your work history backward from the current, listing job title, companies, dates, and responsibilities. It is for professionals who have spent reasonable years in the same industry and are working assiduously and focused on the same career path in the same industry. The Chronological CV consists of your profile and lists of career history, showing responsibilities and achievements on each role. Education and other information are usually listed under the career history.

A chronological CV is most suitable when you want to continue on the same career path instead of changing careers. It works well when you have progressed consistently up a standard career ladder, without any gaps and with varied job descriptions, and in this wise, you would have enough materials. For instance, if you started your career as an HR Officer and later became an HR Manager and you are hoping to be an HR Director, this is the appropriate type of CV you require.

You may also use the Chronological CV type if you have been in the same sector for some time, having passed through different departments, and you want to continue. Again, considering your experiences or if you have good skills/achievements then it’s best that they are presented in this format.

The Chronological CV is favored again if you think of changing your career..

Functional/ Skill-Based CV

The Functional or Skill-based CV  is made up of your profile, selected skills and explanations of how these are used, and lists of jobs, without the duties mentioned. Your qualifications or extra information could be listed under the career history.

The Functional or Skill-based CV  is made up of your profile, selected skills and explanations of how these are used, and lists of jobs, without the duties mentioned. Your qualifications or extra information could be listed under the career history.

The Functional CV is a better choice if you are looking for your first job or you don’t have much experience in the targeted sector or you have been involved in different jobs which are not similar. It is also appropriate when you are seeking a job opportunity in a new sector/ industry because it emphasizes your skills rather than your experiences and enables the employer to see the useful and transferable skills you possess without looking at your previous experiences. It can also be used when you have a job opportunity requiring the same skills as it reduces the repetition in your CV or when you want to emphasize your skills instead of breaking in your career history. Here, you arrange your work experiences according to the requirements as spelt out by the current job advert by closely linking similar experiences and achievements to the new job you intend to apply for.

Moreso, it is also good when you are making a fairly major career change. If you have been unemployed for a long period of time or changed jobs frequently or followed a less traditional career path or your career history has not been smooth, the functional CV may be most appropriate.

A functional CV is not dated, de-emphasizes dates and job titles by placing them at the end; emphasizes your professional achievements in descending order of importance, and maintains other aspects of a CV like skills, personal profile etc.

Combination CV:

The Combination CV starts with a work history with demonstrable growth and is good if you have nothing to de-emphasize. It starts with a brief personal summary, lists job specific relevant to the objective, and changes to chronological format.

It is recommended when you intend to showcase to the Recruiter the stuff that you are made of – your skills, training, and experiences. This type of CV positions your skill and experiences to meet the prospective job(s) you are applying for. It mixes the chronological and functional CV styles.

How to Craft A Marketable & Attractive Curriculum Vitae (CV)
How to Craft A Marketable & Attractive Curriculum Vitae (CV)

Even when you have not had experience in that role or a similar role, using the Combination CV could be your best bet as you can use your profile, qualifications as per education, and training to convince the Recruiter that you are the right person for the job.

Job Search Objective:
Some years back, the job search objective was a must-have in CVs. The job search objective is a “short paragraph at the top of the CV explaining exactly the type of job you are looking for”. This is useful if only you are speculatively writing to someone; it is not always appropriate to include it in a CV. If you have to add it to your CV, it should be concise, direct, and in all senses honest. E.g. “Seeking for a job in the banking sector” as such will not do you any good. An improved version would be:

An experienced banking professional with over 10 years of hands-on experience is seeking an opportunity to make full use of an in-depth background as a Banking Officer, Customer Relationship Manager, and Operations Manager. I am looking for a challenging Regional Manager position that will afford me the opportunity to use and expand my business acumen and international experiences in the banking industry.

Features of A Marketable and Attractive CV: 

  • CV Size: 3-5 pages with meaningful and relevant information.  
  • The layout & Font: Nice and legible – Arial, Calibri, and size between 10-12 would be okay.
  • Emphasize your skill matrix so that your prospective employer could see it at a glance.
  • Avoid the temptation of listing all the software you know
  • File format: PDF or Microsoft Word
  • Clear legible Format: Easy to read; and fonts are of the same size.
  • Avoid images as they  take up spaces
  • Avoid the use of loud colours

My Candid Advice:

  • Write your own CV
  • Have a single CV and update at intervals
  • Keep your CV simple and straightforward
  • Provide only relevant information in your CV that would interest the Recruiter to invite you for an interview;
  • Limit your CV to 2 pages or less;
  • Don’t make your CV too dense; and
  • Write your CV in terms to reflect the organization’s requirements.
  • Use bullet points


Always remember to create time to customize your CV for situations. This is not to say that you need to create all these types of CVs for yourself.

Understanding and knowing how to string together the other types of CVs will be of great advantage more especially as you progress in your career and as you come across different job opportunities too.

If these guidelines are well followed, you soon be invited for an interview and will land your dream job.

Agolo Uzorka

Agolo Uzorka is a PhD (Human Resources) student at Highstone Internationalional University, California U.S.A

Comments Off on Thriving in the Digital Age: Skills Development and Upskilling as Key to Modern Workforce Success

Thriving in the Digital Age: Skills Development and Upskilling as Key to Modern Workforce Success

Posted by | July 14, 2023 | Career Tips / Blog

Thriving in the Digital Age: Skills Development and Upskilling as Key to Modern Workforce Success

Skills development and upskilling are crucial to thriving in the digital age. They are relevant in today’s competitive job market, where traditional qualifications alone no longer suffice. Skills development involves enhancing one’s abilities, knowledge, and expertise, while upskilling focuses on acquiring new or updated skills to meet industry demands. Both individuals and organizations must prioritize continuous learning and professional growth to remain competitive. By nurturing a commitment to skills development and upskilling, individuals can enhance job prospects and adapt to changing market needs, while organizations can foster an innovative and adaptable workforce, leading to long-term successes.

Upskilling and Reskilling Employees

The Need for Skills Development:

The job market is constantly evolving, and employers are seeking individuals who possess the skills required to adapt to these changes. Traditional skill sets are being supplemented by technological proficiency, creativity, critical thinking, and adaptability. The demand for such skills reflects the shift towards a knowledge-based economy. Skills development ensures that individuals can meet these changing demands and enhance their employability.

Identifying Skills Gaps:

Identifying existing skill gaps is critical for effective skills development. Methods such as Performance Evaluations, Skills Assessments, and feedback from supervisors would help identify areas requiring improvements. Additionally, analyzing job roles and industry trends will help determine the skills that would be in demand in the future, allowing individuals to proactively develop those skills.

Strategies for Skills Development:

Skills development could be pursued using different strategies. Formal education, such as university degrees and vocational pieces of training provides the foundation for knowledge and skills. Professional certifications and training courses offer specialized skill sets. On-the-job training and mentorship programs provide practical experience and guidance. Online learning platforms and resources offer flexible and accessible learning opportunities.

Upskilling in the Workplace:

Upskilling in the workplace is crucial for both individual growth and organizational success. This involves providing employees with opportunities to acquire new skills and knowledge that aligns with their current roles or potential future positions. By investing in upskilling, organizations can improve employee engagement, retention, and productivity.

Digital Skills Training picture

Create A Culture of Learning:

Creating a culture of learning is critical to promote upskilling. Organizations can encourage employees to embrace continuous learning by fostering an environment that values growth and development. This can be achieved through initiatives such as setting aside dedicated time for learning, providing access to relevant training programs, and recognizing and rewarding employees who actively pursue upskilling opportunities.

Provide Resources for Skills Development:

To support upskilling initiatives, organizations should provide resources for skills development. These resources can include internal training programs, mentorship opportunities, and educational subsidies.

By offering a range of learning options, organizations empower their employees to choose the most suitable method for their learning styles and career goals.

Overcoming Challenges in Skills Development:

While skills development and upskilling are important, organizations may face certain challenges in implementing effective programs. Financial constraints can be a significant hurdle, as investing in training programs and resources can be costly. To overcome this, organizations can explore cost-effective options such as utilizing online learning platforms, leveraging on internal subject matter experts as trainers, and partnering with educational institutions for subsidized programs.

Identifying Relevant and High-quality Learning Resources:

This can also be a challenge. The availability of vast amounts of information online makes it important to select and provide employees with trusted and reliable learning materials. Organizations can establish partnerships with reputable training providers or create internal knowledge-sharing platforms to ensure employees have access to accurate and up-to-date resources.

Addressing Resistance to Change:

Addressing resistance to change is another challenge that organizations may encounter. Some employees may be reluctant to engage in upskilling due to fear of change or uncertainty about the benefits. It is important to communicate the value and relevance of upskilling, highlighting how this contributes to their career growth, job security, and personal development.

Engage in open and transparent communication and provide support and encouragement that can help them overcome resistance and create a positive attitude towards skills development.

The Future of Skills Development:

The future of skills development is closely interwoven with technological advancements and the evolving world of work. As automation and AI continue to reshape job roles, certain skills will become more crucial than ever. Data analytics, digital literacy, creativity, critical thinking, and adaptability are expected to be in high demand.

Lifelong learning will be a key component of skills development in the future. With the pace of change, individuals must embrace continuous learning throughout their careers. This includes actively seeking opportunities for growth, staying updated on industry trends, and developing a mindset that embraces change and new challenges.

Technology will play a significant role in the future of skills development. Online learning platforms, virtual reality simulations, and AI-powered personalized learning experiences will provide accessible and tailored learning opportunities. HR professionals will leverage on data analytics to identify skill gaps, predict future skill requirements, and design targeted upskilling programs.


Skills development and upskilling are critical for individuals and organizations to thrive in today’s dynamic work environment. Organizations that prioritize upskilling empower their employees to adapt to changing job requirements as it enhances their job satisfaction and career prospects and contributes to the overall success of the organization.

Embracing a culture of learning, providing resources and support, overcoming challenges, and staying proactive about future skill needs will ensure that individuals and organizations remain competitive and indispensable in the ever-evolving world of work.

Agolo Uzorka

Written by Agolo Uzorka, CEO/ Lead Consultant, Eugene + George Consulting Limited

Comments Off on Emmanuel Okoduwa Represents Nigeria At 45th Annual Lions Day With United Nations

Emmanuel Okoduwa Represents Nigeria At 45th Annual Lions Day With United Nations

Posted by | February 16, 2023 | News

Lions Clubs International celebrated 77 years of partnership with the United Nations during Lions Day with the United Nations (LDUN). This event commemorates their long-standing relationship as a consultative NGO to the UN dating back to 1945, when Lion leaders were asked to help develop the NGO charter for the UN.

Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF. MD/CEO EMMADILA INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS LTD., was a delegate at 45th Annual Lions Day With The United Nations, titled “Hunger, Nutrition & Wellness”

which held at Nairobi Kenya. The event took place on the 9th of February 2023. PID Dr. Manoj Shah was the chairperson of the occasion while Lion Shehzan acted as the Director of Ceremonies.

Emmanuel Okoduwa, a member of Ikeja Mega Metro Lions Club, represented Nigeria at the event which was attended by many dignitaries from other countries.

Below is an excerpt from Lion Emmanuel Okoduwa’s speech at the event;

“Lions, Leos, dignitaries and friends,
Welcome to lions Day with the United Nations in Nairobi. It is a privilege and a great honor to be with you here at this important global event. lions Clubs International has enjoyed a longstanding partnership with the United Nations. We were one of the first nongovernmental organizations
invited to assist in drafting the UN Charter in 1945. And each year since 1978, we have celebrat
ed our unique relationship at Lions Day with the United Nations. This dynamic event brings together Lions, Leos, UN diplomats and other global leaders from govern-ment, business and the nonprofit sector to assess the most pressing global humanitarian needs and create the innovative solutions necessary to respond.
One of the most pressing and prevalent issues facing our world is hunger. More than 800 million people around the world are affected by hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. We know that nutrition and wellness are a critical building block of the future of our communities, and that’s why Lions have made hunger one of our global causes. We must act now to address this global challenge together.

Today, you will hear from a knowledgeable lineup of compelling speakers who will share their insights and global perspectives on the matter of hunger, nutrition and wellness. We will discuss and develop solutions on how Lions and the U.N. can make a difference in the lives of the millions who are impacted every day.

A strong partnership with the United Nations and Lions has helped shape our past and will forge our future, am confident that this unique forum of people, experiences, expertise and ideas will enable us to be part of the global solution to addressing hunger. Together we can ensure the health and wellbeing of our neigh-bors, our communities and our world.

Thank You”


Some of the moments in pictures .Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF giving a speech at the justconcluded Lions Day with the United Nations.

Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF Delegate representing Lions ClubsInternational Ikeja Metro, District 404 B2 during the Lions Day withthe United Nations.

Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF being awarded with the LCIF Awardby the IMMEDIATE PAST INTERNATIONAL PRESIDENT DOUGLAS ALEXANDERLCIF CHAIRPERSON for supporting the project to send help to the people

of Turkey and Syria on the ongoing humanitarian assistance.

Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF with Lion Brian E. SheehanInternational President Lions clubs International during the United

Nations Annual Conference Nairobi, Kenya.

Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF with other Delegates during the just

concluded Lions Day with the United Nations.

Lion Emmanuel O. Okoduwa MJF, NLCF MD/CEO EMMADILA INTERNATIONALLOGISTICS LTD & Lion John Lucky Oriazowan MJF, NLCF MD/CEO GLOBALMACRON PACE LTD during the just concluded Lions Day with the United


Comments Off on The ROI of Performance Management: Measuring what matters

The ROI of Performance Management: Measuring what matters

Posted by | January 10, 2023 | blog

Performance Management

Around 10 years ago the virtue of performance management arose in response to the often asked questions in many organisations: “How are we doing so far? Are we putting our money into the proper projects? What is the state of our cash flow?”.. These seemingly benign questions speak to the very heart of an organisation and, in essence, form the foundation of performance management.

The rationale behind measuring the ROI ofperformance management system is simple: Your organisation is given some resources. It is now expected to turn those resources into profit. This profit could be in the form of, for example, productivity gains or increased revenue.

“Return on investment is a way of approaching the problem of top-level control rather than a magic formula for solving these problems.” – William T. Jerome

Performance Management System ROI

Main Return of Investments (ROI) of Performance Management

ROI of performance management | peopleHum
Source: Performance Management by Herman Aguinis

1. Keeps employees engaged

“90% of businesses that have adopted a new approach to performance management say it has increased engagement”(Source: Deloitte) 

Employee engagement has become a critical return of investment of performance management. Customer happiness, productivity, and profitability are all increased by highly engaged employees – while attrition and absenteeism are brought down in great numbers. Let’s do some math to understand the link between employee engagement and company success.

The Achievers data stated that only 21% of employees are engaged at work. Now let’s suppose your startup employs around 250 people. If you apply this fact to the 250 employees, we conclude that around 198 of those 250 are disengaged at work.

Next step is counting average salary of these employees which is say about $47,000. This means employee engagement is costing you $47,000 x 198 employees. To make this sound more real, that’s actually $3,164, 040 per month. Engaged employees rise in direct proportion to regular performance reviews and adequate manager follow-up. This is why an important ROI of performance management stands out as increased employee engagement.

2. Shrinks turnover, aids retention

“There are 14.9% lower turnover rates in companies that implement regular employee feedback.”(Source: OfficeVibe)

Gallup says the average cost of replacing an employee is anywhere between 1.5 to 2x the employee’s salary. “So, a 100-person organization that provides an average of $50,000 could have turnover and replacement costs of approximately $660,000 to $2.6M per year,” it read.

There are two possible questions employees might ask themselves in order to stay longer in a company. One, “Am I doing things that seem to lack value or purpose?” Second and the most important, “Do I get a balance of positive and negative feedback?”

Company leaders must be willing to accept critiques with humility to foster a feedback culture of openness and support. If your HRIS wasn’t built for performance management, you’ll be amazed at the employee loyalty a firm creates when it’s willing to accept bad feedback and act on it. This sets the tone for a noteworthy ROI of performance management.

3. Delivers company-wide information and benefits

Companies adopting continuous performance feedback significantly outperformed competition at a 24% higher rate (Betterworks, 2020)

One among the many benefits of performance management is that – it stands out as an important communication tool. One, it keeps employees informed about their performance and provides them with information on particular areas where they may improve. Two, they offer information on peers’, supervisors’, customers’, and the organization’s expectations – as well as what elements of work are most important, which is related to the strategic goals.

“The team members of managers who provide weekly feedback instead of annual are 5.2 times more likely to strongly agree that they receive meaningful feedback” (Gallup)

The elements of effective performance management can also provide data for making administrative decisions concerning personnel. Salary modifications, promotions, acknowledgement of high individual performance, identification of bad performers, and layoffs are just other benefits of performance management.

4. Saves time & cost if done rightly

Gallup revealed that traditional performance reviews can cost large organizations between $2.4M and $30 million per 10,000 employees. This is partly attributable to the annual review’s direct expenditures. But it also stems from the large number of HR hours necessary to execute it and process the data appropriately.

Managers spend around 210 hours a year on performance management, and employees spend 40 hours per year. Reduced time and cost becomes a ROI of performance management if carried out effectively. Al in performance management gives this a further push.

Advantages of performance management easily come to surface after choosing a performance management system with the help of which:

  1. Employees take half as long to complete their self-evaluations.
  2. Employee reviews take 80 percent less time for managers to complete.
  3. HR spends 90% less time handling the performance evaluation process than other departments

5. Measurable Output

In the boardroom or during all-hands meetings, each company department has a set of key performance indicators (KPIs) to present. However, despite business executives’ efforts to evaluate everything, organisations frequently underperform in one crucial area: employee performance.

The value of being able to report on performance is not to point fingers; rather, it is to determine whether tasks should be redistributed or extra coaching is required.

Another important advantage of data-driven performance management has been mentioned by experts. “Gut feeling” and unconscious bias are less important factors in hiring decisions when managers approach reviews more methodically. “Employees will value the openness and impartiality that frequent ratings provide.”

How to calculate basic ROI of performance management?

To calculate return of investment of performance management, divide the organization’s net revenue after deducting expenditures on the review cycle – by the cost of salaries and benefits provided.

Simply put, to determine a performance cycle’s return on investment – first determine the cycle’s value, then divide it by the cycle’s implementation costs.

For instance, if performance reviews for remote employees saw increase in productivity and engagement, measure the productivity gains via engagement metrics and divide that by the total amount of costs required to conduct the review cycle in the first place.

Human resource professionals can also conduct an analysis of group of employees that underwent the review cycle versus the groups that did not, to get an idea of the ROI of performance management. Performance is evaluated quarterly by comparing actual return on investment with the ROI objective and by analyzing the difference.

‍A performance management system is much more than just converting paper-based appraisal to digital formats. peopleHum is one such solution that enables supervisors & peers to provide continuous & real-time performance evaluations, and employees to get ongoing and real-time feedback.

Using our performance management solution, firms like yours can change goals and priorities in real time and convey them to all employees, allowing them to adjust team and individual goals and priorities as well. So, in a matter of seconds, the cascade of decisions from the compaby to its departments, and then to individual employees, may be successfully accomplished among thousands of employees.

Our system allows managers to better understand their roles in the process and can easily determine, for example, how frequently they communicate with direct reports about their performance.

To get a live view of how peopleHum works, book a free demo of our platform. Let our team handle all your queries and concerns. You can also reach out to us on WhatsApp or send an email at

Contributed by Nirvi B, PeopleHum

1 2 3 13